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Experimental Study of Ionic Polymer Transducers: Characterization of Transient Response in Sensing

Kocer Yumer, Bilge (2015) Experimental Study of Ionic Polymer Transducers: Characterization of Transient Response in Sensing. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Ionic Polymer Transducers (IPTs) display a sensing behavior, whereby a current signal is generated, when they are deformed. IPTs also exhibit bending deformation when a voltage difference is applied across the surfaces of the transducer, thus displaying actuation. However, the mechanisms responsible for actuation and sensing differ; research to date has focused predominantly on actuation, while identification of the fundamental physical mechanism responsible for IPT sensing remains an open topic. Nevertheless, IPTs are promising in sensing, reliable, flexible, light, and cost effective. Even so, they are poorly understood, which has limited their optimization and subsequently their widespread application. As sensors they are most often studied in bending mode; however a measurable signal can be generated in any mode of mechanical deformation. This thesis offers the streaming potential hypothesis as the mechanistic model explaining IPT sensing on the basis that it is uniquely able to predict the existence of a transient sensing signal in any mode of deformation. To date, streaming potential models of IPT transient sensing response under bending and shear have been presented. These models, however, have lacked access to appropriate transient experimental studies for validation; moreover, there has been a complete absence of study of the final compressive sensing mode. This thesis offers a modeling methodology appropriate to compression, while also offering experimental studies enabling validation studies for all IPT sensing modes. The experimental studies introduce novel test rigs enabling step-deflection application in bending, shear, compression modes and in situ measurement of the resulting transient IPT current. Finally, because the ultimate goal of defining the physical mechanism primarily responsible for sensing is to enable widespread use of these transducers, electrode architecture studies are offered as illustration of the potential to optimize IPT sensing via the streaming potential hypothesis.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Kocer Yumer,
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairWang, Qing-Mingqiw4@pitt.eduQIW4
Committee MemberClark, William W.wclark@pitt.eduWCLARK
Committee MemberSlaughter, William S.wss@pitt.eduWSS
Committee MemberLee, Jung-Kunjul37@pitt.eduJUL37
Committee MemberAkle, Barbar
Committee MemberWeiland, Lisa
Date: 28 January 2015
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 20 August 2014
Approval Date: 28 January 2015
Submission Date: 20 October 2014
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 135
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Swanson School of Engineering > Mechanical Engineering
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ionic Polymer Transducers, Sensing, Streaming Potential, Ionic Poylmer Metal Composites, IPT, IPMC
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2015 21:36
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 14:24


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