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Room temperature ferromagnetism of Co doped TiO<inf>2</inf> using ion implantation and defect engineering

Lee, JK and Jung, HS and Valdez, JA and Hundley, MF and Thompson, JD and Sickafus, KE and Nastasi, M and Hamby, DW and Lucca, DA (2006) Room temperature ferromagnetism of Co doped TiO<inf>2</inf> using ion implantation and defect engineering. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 250 (1-2 SP). 279 - 282. ISSN 0168-583X

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Abstract

Ferromagnetic (FM) semiconductors obtained by doping ferromagnetic elements into a nonmagnetic semiconductor matrix are essential for the second generation of spintronics devices. In this study, we investigate Co doping behavior and subsequent magnetic properties in Co implanted and thermally annealed TiO2. In TiO2 single crystals, a decrease in the oxygen partial pressure during thermal annealing is found to enhance the Co substitutional fraction by increasing the concentration of oxygen vacancies. Magnetic properties determined from superconducting quantum interference device magnetometer (SQUID) measurements show that TiO2 crystals with a large fraction of substitutional Co are ferromagnetic at room temperature. In addition to single crystals, the feasibility of Co doping via ion implantation is studied in sol-gel synthesized TiO2 thin films. Results from grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXRD) show that the implantation can produce Co doped TiO2 thin films and that the Co incorporation into Ti lattice site accompanies the transition from rutile to anatase phase. These results show that ion beam synthesis is a useful tool for producing ferromagnetic TiO2 with a high Curie temperature (TC). © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Lee, JKjul37@pitt.eduJUL370000-0002-7778-7679
Jung, HS
Valdez, JA
Hundley, MF
Thompson, JD
Sickafus, KE
Nastasi, M
Hamby, DW
Lucca, DA
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, Offices, or Units > Petersen Institute of NanoScience and Engineering
Date: 1 September 2006
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Volume: 250
Number: 1-2 SP
Page Range: 279 - 282
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1016/j.nimb.2006.04.171
Schools and Programs: Swanson School of Engineering > Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0168-583X
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2014 16:02
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2021 10:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/23476

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