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Predictors of Food Security Status in Older Adults Living in the Northeast United States

Kregg-Byers, Claudia M (2014) Predictors of Food Security Status in Older Adults Living in the Northeast United States. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Little is known about food security of older adults in the Northeast U.S. This study of existing
data from the 2008 national Current Population Survey and Food Security Survey datasets used a
descriptive correlational design to describe food security status and identify its predictors in
3,207 respondents ≥65 years of age in the Northeast U.S. Simple and multivariable binary
logistic regression modeling examined nine predictors of food security status, based on
environments of the Ecological Model of Health Behavior. Nearly 6% of the sample lacked
adequate food security status. Respondents who were young old, non-white, Hispanic, less
educated, below the poverty income range, lived in non-metropolitan areas, and participated in
food assistance programs were at risk for inadequate food security status after controlling for all
other variables in the model. Sex and marital status were significant predictors individually, but
non-significant in the multivariable model. These findings create a profile of risk factors for
inadequate food security status for older adults in this geographical area suggesting that health
professionals assess food security status during all healthcare encounters with at-risk patients.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Kregg-Byers, Claudia Mclk30@pitt.eduCLK30
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairSchlenk, Elizabeth Aels100@pitt.eduELS100
Committee MemberDoswell, Willa Mwdo100@pitt.eduWDO100
Committee MemberMatthews, Judith Tjtmatt@pitt.eduJTMATT
Committee MemberTerhorst, Laurenlat15@pitt.eduLAT15
Committee MemberRodriguez, Eric Grodriguezeg@upmc.eduEROD
Date: 9 December 2014
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 25 November 2013
Approval Date: 9 December 2014
Submission Date: 22 November 2014
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 99
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Nursing > Nursing
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: food security, older adults, nutrition programs
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2014 20:43
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2016 14:42


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