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Perioperative health is a component of public health with scope for improvement?

Subramaniam, Kathirvel (2014) Perioperative health is a component of public health with scope for improvement? Master Essay, University of Pittsburgh.

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Abstract

National health expenditure accounts (NHEA) estimated that U.S health care grew 3.7 % in 2012 reaching $ 2.8 trillion and about one third of health care spending pays for hospital services. Among the hospital services, perioperative care is extremely expensive which consumes 60% of total hospital expenses. According to Center for Disease Control and Prevention database (2010), around 51.4 million surgical procedures were performed in United States hospitals. Patients presenting for surgery are completely cured of the disease, may develop a complication and left with a permanent sequelae or may be diagnosed with a new condition during the screening phase. Complications due to surgery are associated with increased morbidity, which accounts for majority of these expenses. Several critical things could happen for the public during perioperative period to make it important for the public health officials to take a serious note of this period. Many perioperative practices either do not have solid evidence or conflicts with evidence. These practices can be safely discontinued with a decrease in cost. Perioperative care is more often ignored aspect of public health. Public health experts are now starting to feel that it is important to focus on perioperative health care since there is a lot of scope for improvement. In this essay, we reviewed the problems we have in perioperative care practice and possible solutions for the issues. Anesthesiologists and perioperative physicians are trying their best to work with public health experts to institute evidence based, cost-effective perioperative surgical/medical care without compromising quality of care delivered to patients.


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Details

Item Type: Other Thesis, Dissertation, or Long Paper (Master Essay)
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Subramaniam, Kathirvel
Contributors:
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairFinegold, David Ndnf@pitt.eduDNFUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberLaPorte, Ronaldrlaporte@pitt.eduRLAPORTEUNSPECIFIED
Date: 2014
Date Type: Publication
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Multidisciplinary MPH
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master Essay
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2015 21:16
Last Modified: 01 Jul 2019 13:59
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/23627

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