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The effects of insurance on pediatric brain injury outcomes

Murray, Austin (2014) The effects of insurance on pediatric brain injury outcomes. Master Essay, University of Pittsburgh.

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Abstract

Objective: To explore the current literature that describes the effects of insurance status on traumatic brain injury (TBI) outcomes among pediatric patients in order to gain a better understanding of its public health relevance. Method: This review was conducted using the Preferred Reporting Items of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA). A search of OVID Medline was conducted in December of 2013 for peer-reviewed articles that included keywords related to “brain injuries” and “insurance status”. Results: After screening for inclusion and exclusion criteria between the two researchers a total of 12 articles were included and considered relevant for review. Discussion/Summary: The findings of this study indicate that Insurance status has a significant effect on the health outcomes of pediatric patients who experience TBI. It seems clear that insured patients have significantly lower odds of mortality following traumatic brain injury. Additionally, those insured by the government, while still faring better than uninsured patients still have higher odds of mortality than those who are insured commercially. This study also found evidence that insurance status plays a role in long term outcomes such as rehabilitation and disability.


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Details

Item Type: Other Thesis, Dissertation, or Long Paper (Master Essay)
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Murray, Austin
Date: 26 November 2014
Date Type: Submission
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Epidemiology
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master Essay
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2015 19:09
Last Modified: 20 Dec 2018 00:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/23683

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