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Fast Calculation of Flow Ensembles

Jiang, Nan (2015) Fast Calculation of Flow Ensembles. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Computing Ensembles occurs frequently in the simulation of complex flows to increase forecasting skill, quantify uncertainty and estimate flow sensitivity. The main issue with ensemble calculation is its high demand of computer resources vs. the limited computer resources existing. Generally computing a large ensemble is prohibitive due to the high computational cost of numerical simulation of nonlinear dynamical systems. Moreover, to compute ensembles of moderate/small size, resolution is very often sacrificed to reduce computation time. In this thesis, we study an efficient ensemble simulation algorithm that can reduce the computing cost significantly making computing a large ensemble or an ensemble of high resolution possible.

The motivation for the new algorithm is that for linearly
implicit methods, the linear solve is a large contributor to overall
complexity and it is far cheaper in both storage and solution time to solve linear systems with the same coefficient matrix than with different
coefficient matrices. We present this algorithm with different ensemble time stepping methods. These methods are carefully derived and both theoretically and numerically investigated.

Computing an ensemble simultaneously allows each realization to access ensemble data and the use of means and fluctuations in numerical regularizations for each realization. We put forth two ensemble eddy viscosity regularizations that remove severe timestep condition for high Reynolds number flows. The study of the ensemble eddy viscosity regularizations also suggests reconsidering an old but not as well developed definition of the mixing length. This mixing length vanishes at solid walls without van Driest damping, increases stability and improves flow predictions in our preliminary tests.

The goal of conventional turbulence models is to produce a model that accurately predicts time averaged or ensemble averaged flow statistics. In this thesis, we develop a new family of ensemble based turbulence models and study their convergence by analyzing the evolution of model variance. For these new turbulence models from the calculated ensemble (at low cost), the kinetic energy in fluctuations can be directly calculated without additional modeling, reducing the computing cost while increasing the physical fidelity of the models.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Jiang, Nannaj24@pitt.eduNAJ24
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairLayton, Williamwjl@pitt.eduWJL
Committee MemberTrenchea, Catalintrenchea@pitt.eduTRENCHEA
Committee MemberYotov, Ivanyotov@math.pitt.eduYOTOV
Committee MemberZunino, Paolopaz13@pitt.eduPAZ13
Date: 13 January 2015
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 3 December 2014
Approval Date: 13 January 2015
Submission Date: 2 December 2014
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 152
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Mathematics
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Navier-Stokes equations, ensemble calculation, numerical regularization, eddy viscosity, turbulence modeling
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2015 19:19
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 14:25


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