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Spatiotemporal modeling of air pollutants and their health effects in the Pittsburgh region

XUE, TAO (2015) Spatiotemporal modeling of air pollutants and their health effects in the Pittsburgh region. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Air pollutants have been associated with adverse health outcomes such as cardiovascular and respiratory diseases through epidemiological studies. Spatiotemporal and spatial statistics are widely used in both exposure assessment and health risk estimation of air pollutants. In the current paper, spatiotemporal and spatial models are developed for and applied to four specfic topics about air pollutants: (1) estimating spatiotemporal variations of particulate matter with diameter less than 2.5 um (PM2.5) using monitoring data and satellite aerosol
optical depth (AOD) measurements, (2) estimating long-term spatial variations of ozone (O3) using monitoring data and satellite O3 profile measurements, (3) spatiotemporal associating acute exposure of air pollutants to mortality, and (4) spatiotemporal associating chronic air pollution exposure to lung cancer incidence. Environmental, socioeconomic and health
data from Allegheny county and the State of Pennsylvania are collected to illustrate these techniques.

The public health significance of these studies includes characterizing the exposure level of air pollutants and their health risks for mortality caused by cardiovascular and respiratory diseases and lung cancer incidence in the Pittsburgh region and developing novel spatiotemporal models such as spatiotemporal generalized estimating equations for the regression analysis of spatiotemporal counts data, especially for the massive spatiotemporal
data used in epidemiological studies.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
XUE, TAOtax3@pitt.eduTAX3
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairBarchowsky, Aaronaab20@pitt.eduAAB20
Thesis AdvisorBilonick, Richard A.rab45@pitt.eduRAB45
Committee MemberPeterson, Jimjpp16@pitt.eduJPP16
Committee MemberSharma, Ravirks1946@pitt.eduRKS1946
Committee MemberTalbott, Evelyn O.eot1@pitt.eduEOT1
Committee MemberWahed, Abdus Swahed@pitt.eduWAHED
Date: 29 June 2015
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 16 January 2015
Approval Date: 29 June 2015
Submission Date: 27 February 2015
Access Restriction: 5 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 5 years.
Number of Pages: 163
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Environmental and Occupational Health
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Environmental Health, Air Pollutants, Spatiotemporal Model, Spatial Statistics, Mortality, Cancer
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2015 16:22
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 14:26
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/24004

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