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Bone-density testing interval and transition to osteoporosis in older women

Gourlay, ML and Fine, JP and Preisser, JS and May, RC and Li, C and Lui, LY and Ransohoff, DF and Cauley, JA and Ensrud, KE (2012) Bone-density testing interval and transition to osteoporosis in older women. New England Journal of Medicine, 366 (3). 225 - 233. ISSN 0028-4793

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BACKGROUND: Although bone mineral density (BMD) testing to screen for osteoporosis (BMD T score, -2.50 or lower) is recommended for women 65 years of age or older, there are few data to guide decisions about the interval between BMD tests. METHODS: We studied 4957 women, 67 years of age or older, with normal BMD (T score at the femoral neck and total hip, -1.00 or higher) or osteopenia (T score, -1.01 to -2.49) and with no history of hip or clinical vertebral fracture or of treatment for osteoporosis, followed prospectively for up to 15 years. The BMD testing interval was defined as the estimated time for 10% of women to make the transition to osteoporosis before having a hip or clinical vertebral fracture, with adjustment for estrogen use and clinical risk factors. Transitions from normal BMD and from three subgroups of osteopenia (mild, moderate, and advanced) were analyzed with the use of parametric cumulative incidence models. Incident hip and clinical vertebral fractures and initiation of treatment with bisphosphonates, calcitonin, or raloxifene were treated as competing risks. RESULTS: The estimated BMD testing interval was 16.8 years (95% confidence interval [CI], 11.5 to 24.6) for women with normal BMD, 17.3 years (95% CI, 13.9 to 21.5) for women with mild osteopenia, 4.7 years (95% CI, 4.2 to 5.2) for women with moderate osteopenia, and 1.1 years (95% CI, 1.0 to 1.3) for women with advanced osteopenia. CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicate that osteoporosis would develop in less than 10% of older, postmenopausal women during rescreening intervals of approximately 15 years for women with normal bone density or mild osteopenia, 5 years for women with moderate osteopenia, and 1 year for women with advanced osteopenia. (Funded by the National Institutes of Health.) Copyright © 2012 Massachusetts Medical Society.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Gourlay, ML
Fine, JP
Preisser, JS
May, RC
Li, C
Lui, LY
Ransohoff, DF
Cauley, JAJCauley@edc.pitt.eduJCAULEY
Ensrud, KE
Date: 19 January 2012
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: New England Journal of Medicine
Volume: 366
Number: 3
Page Range: 225 - 233
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1056/nejmoa1107142
Schools and Programs: School of Public Health > Epidemiology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0028-4793
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2015 01:06
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2018 14:02


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