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Exposure to nonhuman primates in rural Cameroon

Wolfe, ND and Prosser, AT and Carr, JK and Tamoufe, U and Mpoudi-Ngole, E and Torimiro, JN and LeBreton, M and McCutchan, FE and Birx, DL and Burke, DS (2004) Exposure to nonhuman primates in rural Cameroon. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 10 (12). 2094 - 2099. ISSN 1080-6040

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Exposure to nonhuman primates has led to the emergence of important diseases, including Ebola hemorrhagic fever, AIDS, and adult T-cell leukemia. To determine the extent of exposure to nonhuman primates, persons were examined in 17 remote villages in Cameroon that represented three habitats (savanna, gallery forest, and lowland forest). Questionnaire data were collected to assess whether persons kept wild animal pets; hunted and butchered wild game; had experienced bites, scratches, or injuries from live animals; or had been injured during hunting or butchering. While all villages had substantial exposure to nonhuman primates, higher rates of exposure were seen in lowland forest sites. The study demonstrates that exposure is not limited to small groups of hunters. A high percentage of rural villagers report exposure to nonhuman primate blood and body fluids and risk acquiring infectious diseases.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Wolfe, ND
Prosser, AT
Carr, JK
Tamoufe, U
Mpoudi-Ngole, E
Torimiro, JN
LeBreton, M
McCutchan, FE
Birx, DL
Burke, DSdonburke@pitt.eduDONBURKE
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, Offices, or Units > Center for Vaccine Research
Date: 1 January 2004
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Volume: 10
Number: 12
Page Range: 2094 - 2099
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.3201/eid1012.040062
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Epidemiology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1080-6040
Date Deposited: 07 May 2015 20:40
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 16:57


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