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Protecting health care workers: A pandemic simulation based on Allegheny County

Cooley, P and Lee, BY and Brown, S and Cajka, J and Chasteen, B and Ganapathi, L and Stark, JH and Wheaton, WD and Wagener, DK and Burke, DS (2010) Protecting health care workers: A pandemic simulation based on Allegheny County. Influenza and other Respiratory Viruses, 4 (2). 61 - 72. ISSN 1750-2640

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Abstract

Background and Objectives: The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices has identified health care workers (HCWs) as a priority group to receive influenza vaccine. Although the importance of HCW to the health care system is well understood, the potential role of HCW in transmission during an epidemic has not been clearly established. Methods: Using a standard SIR (Susceptible-Infected-Recovered) framework similar to previously developed pandemic models, we developed an agent-based model (ABM) of Allegheny County, PA, that incorporates the key health care system features to simulate the spread of an influenza epidemic and its effect on hospital-based HCWs. Findings: Our simulation runs found the secondary attack rate among unprotected HCWs to be approximately 60% higher (54·3%) as that of all adults (34·1%), which would result in substantial absenteeism and additional risk to HCW families. Understanding how a pandemic may affect HCWs, who must be available to treat infected patients as well as patients with other medical conditions, is crucial to policy makers' and hospital administrators' preparedness planning. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Cooley, P
Lee, BYbyl1@pitt.eduBYL1
Brown, S
Cajka, J
Chasteen, B
Ganapathi, L
Stark, JH
Wheaton, WD
Wagener, DK
Burke, DSdonburke@pitt.eduDONBURKE
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, Offices, or Units > Center for Vaccine Research
Date: 1 March 2010
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Influenza and other Respiratory Viruses
Volume: 4
Number: 2
Page Range: 61 - 72
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1111/j.1750-2659.2009.00122.x
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Epidemiology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1750-2640
Date Deposited: 07 May 2015 20:04
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2017 22:57
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/24367

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