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How could an effective podcast about alcohol use be designed and evaluated? A review of the literature

Williams, Jessica K (2015) How could an effective podcast about alcohol use be designed and evaluated? A review of the literature. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Nearly one quarter of Americans use alcohol in a risky manner. Most of the alcohol use interventions recommended by the CDC’s Community Guide are environmental; few evidence-based approaches attempt to address alcohol use on an individual or interpersonal level. Podcasting is a cost-effective communication tool whose potential impact for public health has been widely touted. The aim of this study was to answer the following research question: “How could an effective podcast about alcohol use be designed and evaluated?” Literature and guidelines related to health and science podcasts for popular consumption were reviewed. No literature specific to alcohol use and podcasts were located. According to peer-reviewed and gray literature, health podcasting is feasible and cost-effective, although it may be time-consuming. Of particular note is the importance of entertaining the target audience. Humor and the use of narrative can contribute to the entertainment value of a podcast. Podcasts can be evaluated for their impact at the individual or interpersonal level. Knowledge gain, attitude shift, and behavior change are all individual-level metrics, whereas information-sharing and the proliferation of “podologues” (conversation based the podcast) can indicate an interpersonal effect. Although the review concluded that there is insufficient formative research to design a podcast to reduce risky drinking, it identified a number of design and evaluation tools that may prove useful for podcasting about alcohol use and other health behaviors. It also outlined a rationale for podcasting about alcohol use and a research agenda to guide the development of an efficacious podcast to address risky alcohol use. A quick guide to podcasting about alcohol use is included as an appendix. Statement of public health relevance: Alcohol use has a profound effect on health. It is responsible for one in 10 deaths among working age Americans and more than one in three Americans say alcohol has been a source of trouble in their family. A research-based approach to podcasting may create cost-effective alcohol use interventions that impact the individual and social level of the social ecological model.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Williams, Jessica Kjkw26@pitt.eduJKW26
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairFelter, ElizabethEMFELTER@pitt.eduEMFELTER
Committee MemberTerry, Marthamaterry@pitt.eduMATERRY
Committee MemberMartinson, Jeremyjmartins@pitt.eduJMARTINS
Date: 11 June 2015
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 17 April 2015
Approval Date: 11 June 2015
Submission Date: 6 April 2015
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 81
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Behavioral and Community Health Sciences
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: alcohol, podcasts
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2015 16:07
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 14:27
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/24562

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