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Dynamic simulation of community crime and crime-reporting behavior

Yonas, MA and Borrebach, JD and Burke, JG and Brown, ST and Philp, KD and Burke, DS and Grefenstette, JJ (2011) Dynamic simulation of community crime and crime-reporting behavior. 97 - 104.

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Abstract

An agent-based model was developed to explore the effectiveness of possible interventions to reduce neighborhood crime and violence. Both offenders and non-offenders (or citizens) were modeled as agents living in neighborhoods, with a set of rules controlling changes in behavior based on individual experience. Offenders may become more or less inclined to actively commit criminal offenses, depending on the behavior of the neighborhood residents and other nearby offenders, and on their arrest experience. In turn, citizens may become more or less inclined to report crimes, based on the observed prevalence of criminal activity within their neighborhood. This paper describes the basic design and dynamics of the model, and how such models might be used to investigate practical crime intervention programs. © 2011 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Yonas, MAyonas@pitt.eduYONAS
Borrebach, JD
Burke, JGJGBURKE@pitt.eduJGBURKE
Brown, ST
Philp, KD
Burke, DSdonburke@pitt.eduDONBURKE
Grefenstette, JJgref@pitt.eduGREF
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, Offices, or Units > Center for Vaccine Research
Date: 14 March 2011
Date Type: Publication
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Volume: 6589 L
Page Range: 97 - 104
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1007/978-3-642-19656-0_16
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Epidemiology
Refereed: Yes
ISBN: 9783642196553
Date Deposited: 05 May 2015 17:01
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2021 11:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/24643

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