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Deriving an insulin resistance syndrome score in youth with Type I Diabetes Mellitus based on clinical risk factors

Li, Zhen (2015) Deriving an insulin resistance syndrome score in youth with Type I Diabetes Mellitus based on clinical risk factors. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Diabetes is a complicated chronic disease, and it is categorized into type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Insulin sensitivity (IS) is lower in adults and adolescents with T1D compared to normal people, and a lower IS in T1D has been showed to be associated with longer-term complications. T1D is prevalent in children. The aim of this project was derive an insulin sensitivity (IS) score in children with T1D using noninvasive clinical predictors.
From a sample of 60 children undergoing a euglycaemic-hyperinsulinaemic clamp study at Children hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, a linear regression model was derived using clinical and laboratory measurements to predict insulin sensitivity. Because of the limitations of the small dataset, overfitting was an issue. We used a machine learning technique called Cross-Validation to help select predictors and to assess the performance. Data management and analysis were done using SAS 9.4.
One set of models built with only clinical variables were called clinical models. The other models used both clinical and laboratory variables were called research models. Two different outcome variables measures IS, glucose disposal rate (GDR) and glucose disposal rate (GDR) divided by free insulin, were used. After selecting the best models and checking the assumptions, the best model to predict GDR contained diastolic blood pressure percentile, systolic blood pressure percentile, gender, waist circumference, and diabetes duration. When the dependent variable was GDR divided by free insulin, predictors in the best model included DBP percentile, HbA1C at the study time, waist circumference, leptin, and adiponectin/ leptin. These models had much better performance for type 1 diabetes than these models from the literature.
Public Health Significance: Identifying an IS predictive model based on routinely gathered clinical measurements and laboratory value is a valuable alternative to the invasive euglycaemic-hyperinsulinaemic clamp study. The current gold standard of insulin sensitivity, euglycaemic-hyperinsulinaemic clamp, is an invasive intravenous study requiring fasting overnight hospital study. The model makes it practical to use in epidemiological and screening studies.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Li, Zhen zhl77@pitt.eduZHL770000-0001-6008-163X
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairArena, Vincent C.arena@pitt.eduARENA
Committee MemberYouk, Ada Oayouk@pitt.eduAYOUK
Committee MemberLibman, Ingrid MIngrid.Libman@chp.eduIML1
Date: 29 June 2015
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 20 April 2015
Approval Date: 29 June 2015
Submission Date: 9 April 2015
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 118
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Biostatistics
Degree: MS - Master of Science
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Insulin resistance; Clinical risk factors; Type I diabetes; Juvenile
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2015 14:01
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2016 14:42
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/24701

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