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Membrane traffic research: Challenges for the next decade

Apodaca, G and Brown, WJ (2014) Membrane traffic research: Challenges for the next decade. Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology, 2 (SEP).

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Abstract

© 2014 Apodaca and Brown. The study of membrane traffic is now a well-established area of research, and one that has resulted in several Nobel prizes including ones awarded to Albert Claude, George Palade, and Christian DeDuve in 1974, Michael Brown and Joseph Goldstein in 1985, Gunter Blobel in 1999, and most recently James Rothman, Randy Schekman, and Thomas Südhof in 2013. As a result of their studies and other research, we now have fundamental insights into the organization and routes of transport between the cells' membranous organelles. Moreover, we have defined the basic "cellular machinery" that governs protein and lipid synthesis, that ensures selective recognition of proteins and lipids, and that promotes vesicle fission, transport, and fusion. In addition, we have a large number of insights into the regulatory molecules that control these processes including the Rab GTPases and their effectors. While the challenges for the future are many, this essay is focused on areas of investigation that we see as moving forward at a rapid pace, which speak to how membrane traffic contributes to overall cell and tissue function, and which are likely to provide important avenues of funding for both established and new investigators. These challenges include how membrane traffic is regulated in response to metabolic needs, how molecules are transferred between organelles, how membrane traffic is regulated and functions during processes such as development, and how membrane traffic is used by highly differentiated cells to perform specialized cell functions.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Apodaca, Ggla6@pitt.eduGLA6
Brown, WJ
Date: 17 September 2014
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
Volume: 2
Number: SEP
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.3389/fcell.2014.00052
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Medicine
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 22 May 2015 21:36
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2019 17:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/24755

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