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Human control of robot swarms with dynamic leaders

Walker, P and Amirpour Amraii, S and Chakraborty, N and Lewis, M and Sycara, K (2014) Human control of robot swarms with dynamic leaders. In: UNSPECIFIED.

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Abstract

© 2014 IEEE. Controlling a swarm of robots after deployment is difficult, due to the unpredictable and emergent behavior of swarm algorithms. Past work has focused on influencing the swarm via statically selected leaders - swarm members that the operator directly controls - that are pre-selected and remain leaders throughout the scenario execution. This paper investigates the use of dynamically selected leaders that are directly controlled by the human operator to guide the rest of the swarm, which is operating under a flocking-style algorithm. The goal of the operator is to move the swarm to goal regions that arise dynamically in the environment. We experimentally investigated (a) the effect of density of leaders on the ease of human control and system performance, and (b) how restriction of information communicated to the human operator affects the ability to guide the swarm to goal regions. The density of leaders is computed based on an extension of the random competition clustering (RCC) algorithm used in wireless sensor networks to select cluster heads. In particular, we studied the effect of different guarantees of the maximum number of hops in the communication graph from any robot to the nearest leader. Increasing the maximum hop guarantee effectively lowers the density of leaders in the swarm. Our results show that, while there was a large drop in the number of goals reached when moving from a 1-hop to a 2-hop guarantee, the difference between a 2-hop and 3-hop guarantee was not statistically significant. Furthermore, we found that performance was just as good when the information returned to the operator was restricted, showing that operators can still navigate a swarm even when they have imperfect information.


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Details

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Walker, P
Amirpour Amraii, S
Chakraborty, N
Lewis, M
Sycara, K
Date: 1 January 2014
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems
Page Range: 1108 - 1113
Event Type: Conference
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1109/iros.2014.6942696
Schools and Programs: School of Information Sciences > Information Science
Refereed: Yes
ISBN: 9781479969340
ISSN: 2153-0858
Date Deposited: 09 Jun 2015 19:02
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 14:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/25315

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