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The Lasting Impact of Early Life Inequalities

Miller, Howard Ray (2015) The Lasting Impact of Early Life Inequalities. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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This dissertation analyzes how early inequalities in health and education affect later educational, health, and social and emotional outcomes. I place particular emphasis on how the unique economic circumstances of the developing world interact with the dynamic and multidimensional nature of child development. In Chapter 1, I build a theory of human capital formation that links early health differences to observed schooling gaps across countries. My main finding is that early health inequalities are amplified into large schooling gaps within and across countries. In Chapter 2, I use a unique Indian data set to link private school attendance to measures of self-efficacy and self-esteem and find that private school may play at least as significant a role in early psychosocial as in cognitive development. Finally, in Chapter 3, I construct a novel measure of seasonal food scarcity and find that prenatal exposure to scarcity has a lasting impact on childhood health in Ethiopia. Overall, my findings highlight the importance of understanding the dynamic and multidimensional nature of child development for effective targeting of policy interventions in the developing world.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Miller, Howard Rayhrm19@pitt.eduHRM19
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee CoChairCoen-Pirani, Danielecoen@pitt.eduCOEN
Committee CoChairRipoll, Marlaripoll@pitt.eduRIPOLL
Committee MemberBeresteanu, Ariearie@pitt.eduARIE
Committee MemberShafiq, M. Najeebmnshafiq@pitt.eduMNSHAFIQ
Date: 27 September 2015
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 12 June 2015
Approval Date: 27 September 2015
Submission Date: 13 June 2015
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 144
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Economics
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: early childhood, health, education, inequality, child development, human capital, economics
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2015 22:36
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 14:28


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