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Safe Navigation in Urban Environments

Galbrun, Esther and Pelechrinis, Konstantinos and Terzi, Evimaria (2015) Safe Navigation in Urban Environments. In: ACM SIGKDD Workshop on Urban Informatics. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Advancements in mobile technology and computing have fostered the collection of a large number of civic datasets that capture the pulse of urban life. Furthermore, the open government and data initiative has led many local authorities to make these datasets pub- licly available, hoping to drive innovation that will further improve the quality of life for the city-dwellers. In this paper, we develop a novel application that utilizes crime data to provide safe urban nav- igation. Specifically, using crime data from Chicago and Philadel- phia we develop a risk model for their street urban network which allows us to estimate the relative probability of a crime on any road segment. Given such model we define two variants of the SAFEPATHS problem where the goal is to find a short and low-risk path between a source and a destination locations. Since both the length and the risk of the path are equally important but cannot be combined into a single objective, we approach the urban-navigation problem as a biobjective shortest path problem. Our algorithms aim to output a small set of paths that provide tradeoffs between dis- tance and safety. Our experiments demonstrate the efficacy of our algorithms and their practical applicability.


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Details

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Galbrun, Esther
Pelechrinis, Konstantinoskpele@pitt.eduKPELE
Terzi, Evimaria
Date: August 2015
Date Type: Publication
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Event Title: ACM SIGKDD Workshop on Urban Informatics
Event Type: Conference
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Information Sciences > Telecommunications
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2015 14:47
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2017 04:59
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/25439

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