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Quantum Chemistry Modeling of Homogeneous First-Row Transition Metal Catalysis

Zhu, Yaqun (2015) Quantum Chemistry Modeling of Homogeneous First-Row Transition Metal Catalysis. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Catalysts accelerate rates of chemical reactions, and there is great interest in identifying catalysts that are effective, stable, and economical. This thesis reports two homogeneous chemical reaction mechanism studies using first principles quantum chemistry. The goal of this work is to understand the fundamental reaction pathways that reactions occur, so that one might eventually make improved catalysts. A cobalt-based catalyst system was recently reported for CO2 hydrogenation to form formate.1 It was hypothesized that a cooperative bifunctional catalyst involving an N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) and this cobalt-based catalyst might further improve this chemistry. We investigated the likelihood that the NHC could function either as a Brønsted base to deprotonate a metal hydride or dihydrogen intermediate, or as a Lewis base to activate carbon dioxide towards nucleophilic attack. We also investigated fundamental catalysis involving heterobimetallic catalysts. We elucidated a complete mechanistic pathway for C−H boralytion with Cu−Fe catalysts to explain experimental observations and suggest improvements to the catalyst. This thesis aims to provide useful insight into canonical organometallic reaction mechanisms involved in bimetallic catalysts.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Thesis AdvisorKeith, Johnjakeith@pitt.eduJAKEITH
Committee MemberWang, Guofengguw8@pitt.eduGUW8
Committee MemberVeser, Götzgveser@pitt.eduGVESER
Date: 9 September 2015
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 22 July 2015
Approval Date: 9 September 2015
Submission Date: 27 July 2015
Access Restriction: 1 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 1 year.
Number of Pages: 62
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Swanson School of Engineering > Chemical Engineering
Degree: MS - Master of Science
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Quantum Chemistry, Catalysis, Transition Metal
Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2015 20:33
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 14:29


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