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Risk factors for child maltreatment in Allegheny County

Kimsal, Rebecca C (2014) Risk factors for child maltreatment in Allegheny County. Master Essay, University of Pittsburgh.

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Abstract

Child maltreatment remains a substantial public health issue in the United States. Increasing efforts in early prevention included exploration of trends and the etiology of various forms of abuse and neglect and demonstrated important characteristics of victims and perpetrators. Current understanding of maltreatment causation utilizes an ecological framework with risk factors in four domains including child factors, parent or caregiver traits, family characteristics, and community features. Adverse childhood experiences, including child maltreatment, have long-lasting and substantial effects on poor health outcomes and economic burdens. By recognizing prevalent risk factors in the community, targeted interventions can be implemented to address these risks, reduce and prevent child maltreatment. The objective of this report was to describe the prevalence of risk factors for maltreatment in Allegheny County in each level of the ecological framework and compare the prevalence of these factors in Allegheny County with Philadelphia County. Data was extracted from publicly available sources on child, maternal, family, and community risk factors from 2007 to 2011. A lack of improvement in premature births and births to unmarried mothers occurring in Allegheny County was found. Premature births increased from 11.7% to 13.1% during this period and remained significantly different from the incidence in Philadelphia County from 2007 to 2009 (all p-values


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Details

Item Type: Other Thesis, Dissertation, or Long Paper (Master Essay)
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Kimsal, Rebecca C
Contributors:
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairTepper, Ping Guotepperp@edc.pitt.eduPTEPPERUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberGlynn, Nancy W.glynn@edc.pitt.eduUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberTerry, Marthamaterry@pitt.eduMATERRYUNSPECIFIED
Date: 8 December 2014
Date Type: Submission
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Epidemiology
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master Essay
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2015 20:24
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2021 11:58
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/26000

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