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Relationship between food insecurity and maternal depression

Beerman, Abby (2015) Relationship between food insecurity and maternal depression. Master Essay, University of Pittsburgh.

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Abstract

Food insecurity affected 3.7 million households with children in the United States in 2014. Maternal depression impacts 20% of mothers in the first three months of motherhood. These two negative life experiences lead to poor physical and mental health for all members of the household, especially children. Understanding not only if a relationship exists between food insecurity and depression, but also the direction of the relationship, is key for the development for necessary interventions. A review was conducted to examine the current literature about the relationship between maternal depression and food insecurity. Thirteen papers met inclusion criteria, seven cross-sectional, three longitudinal studies, and three prospective studies. The current literature concurs that there is a positive association between maternal depression and food insecurity. When depression was the dependent variable, studies identified significant odds ratios ranged from 1.5 to 2.69. When food insecurity was the dependent variable, studies identified significant odds ratio ranged from 1.87 and 2.6. Three papers, two of which were longitudinal in designed, identified the existence of a bi-directional relationship between food insecurity and depression. Public Health Relevance: Based on the current literature, interventions are needed to address both food insecurity and depression simultaneously. More research is necessary to fully understand the degree of the relationship between food insecurity and depression and the effectiveness of possible interventions and policy changes.


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Details

Item Type: Other Thesis, Dissertation, or Long Paper (Master Essay)
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Beerman, Abby
Contributors:
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairGlynn, Nancyglynn@edc.pitt.eduUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberVan Nostrand, Elizabethschmidte@pitt.eduUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberBodnar, Lisabodnar@edc.pitt.eduUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date: 7 December 2015
Date Type: Submission
Submission Date: 23 November 2015
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Epidemiology
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master Essay
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Food, Insecurity, Maternal, Depression, Depression
Date Deposited: 20 May 2016 20:23
Last Modified: 20 Dec 2018 00:56
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/26435

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