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A systematic review of traumatic brain injury and aggression in community samples

Sanei Moghaddam, Amin (2015) A systematic review of traumatic brain injury and aggression in community samples. Master Essay, University of Pittsburgh.

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Abstract

Background: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has become an important public health problem worldwide, owing to rising number of motor vehicle accidents in middle and lower-income countries. One of the major consequences of TBI is aggressive behavior. The objective of this study was to examine the strength of evidence suggesting a relationship between TBI and aggression. Method: Ovid MEDLINE was searched from 1946 to the 3rd week of November 2015. Results: Only 11 out of 246 identified papers met inclusion criteria. Eight studies provided some evidence of association between TBI and aggression in community samples. Two studies showed some association in secondary analysis of the results and one failed to detect any association between TBI and aggression. Conclusion: It was shown that there is some association between TBI and aggression in community samples. Other factors that might influence post-TBI aggression have been identified, such as alcohol use, verbal intelligence, and status incompatibility. It was concluded that the evidence is not strong enough due to the methodological limitations of the studies. Determining causal association was not possible due to lack of information on the temporality of events. This review highlights the need for a multidisciplinary approach in studying TBI and aggression, and using standardized measurements and definitions.


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Details

Item Type: Other Thesis, Dissertation, or Long Paper (Master Essay)
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Sanei Moghaddam, Amin
Contributors:
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairFabio, Anthonyafabio@pitt.eduAFABIOUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberKammerer, Candace Mcmk3@pitt.eduCMK3UNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberPresson, Norapresson@pitt.eduPRESSONUNSPECIFIED
Date: 9 December 2015
Date Type: Publication
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Epidemiology
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master Essay
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 19 May 2016 20:13
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2019 14:59
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/26440

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