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CARTOGRAFÍAS BORROSAS DE UN COMBATE: HACIA UNA RE-ARTICULACIÓN DE LA LITERATURA BÉLICA EN AMÉRICA CENTRAL

Arguello Vargas, Tatiana (2016) CARTOGRAFÍAS BORROSAS DE UN COMBATE: HACIA UNA RE-ARTICULACIÓN DE LA LITERATURA BÉLICA EN AMÉRICA CENTRAL. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

This dissertation examines the representation of war in Central American Literature from the 20th and early 21st Centuries. Although war is inseparable from the history of the region, it has primarily been studied in depth from the perspective of the social sciences, while ignoring any research in literature and culture. My study addresses this gap by mapping a literary trajectory of the multiple facets of warfare, including conventional war among nation-states, guerilla warfare, and contemporary forms such as the so-called global wars, with paramilitarism and street gang insurgency. My study does not propose empowerment in the texts, but instead, anti-establishment approaches of reacting and representing war in Central American literature. The authors of my study are Rubén Darío, Salomón de la Selva, Joaquín Pasos, Mario Payeras, Horacio Castellanos Moya and Franz Galich. Through an analysis of their texts, ranging from Modernist and Avant-garde poetry to guerrilla poetry and postwar narratives, I argue that their works expand and reformulate the paradigm of war. Their narrative characters, lyric subjects, and their own personas propose innovative approaches to relationships, knowledge, and political action in their capacities to affect or to be affected while dealing with war.
Central to my study is the marginality and creative responses that emerge from this event. Marginality refers not only to approaches that come from the margins—the questioning of the state-centered model of war—but also exposing the vulnerability that the subjects deal with while confronting war. Marginality is the thread that runs from soldiers in the trenches during World War I to former combatants without armies living in postwar Central America. Creatively, war will be presented in this dissertation through eclectic pacifist thought as well as an alternative modernity in Darío; a reconfiguration of soldiers not as patriotic fetish, but as humans in De la Selva; an incorporation of non-human actors in battle such as objects and new political sensibilities produced by the jungle in Pasos and Payeras; and lastly, through the capacity of assembly, the recycling of war violence, and producing new forms of socialization in postwar Central America in Castellanos Moya and Galich’s novels.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Arguello Vargas, Tatianataa45@pitt.eduTAA45
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairDuchesne Winter, Juanduchesne@pitt.eduDUCHESNE0000-0002-0763-8205
Committee MemberLund, Joshuajlund2@nd.edu
Committee MemberSotomayor-Miletti, Áurea Maríaams389@pitt.eduAMS389
Committee MemberArias , Arturo aarias26@ucmerced.edu
Date: 19 January 2016
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 9 November 2015
Approval Date: 19 January 2016
Submission Date: 30 November 2015
Access Restriction: 5 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 5 years.
Number of Pages: 217
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Hispanic Languages and Literatures
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: War, Central American Literature, Cultural Studies
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2016 15:29
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 14:31
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/26510

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