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TOWARD WORLD-CLASS UNIVERSITIES: ADMINISTRATORS’ PERCEPTIONS RELATED TO DEVELOPING DYNAMIC CAPABILITIES OF TARGETED TAIWANESE UNIVERSITIES

Hou, Ya-Wen (2016) TOWARD WORLD-CLASS UNIVERSITIES: ADMINISTRATORS’ PERCEPTIONS RELATED TO DEVELOPING DYNAMIC CAPABILITIES OF TARGETED TAIWANESE UNIVERSITIES. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

This study aims to develop a scale of dynamic capabilities of targeted Taiwanese universities and understand how senior administrators perceive the strategic management practices of their affiliated universities in their quest for becoming WCUs. A three-stage data collection design, including a pilot study, personal interviews, and the main survey, was adopted in this study. Research participants were senior administrators in the 12 targeted Taiwanese universities. The collected data included qualitative and quantitative data; the former came from ten personal interviews, and the latter involved a pilot study (with a response rate of 53 percent) and the main survey (with a response rate of 49 percent).
The findings of the quantitative data showed that universities had six dynamic capabilities for responding to external challenges. The more emphases on these six dynamic capabilities, the better performance a university has. The scale developed by this study was influenced by respondents’ backgrounds and institutional characteristics. In addition, the findings of the qualitative interviews showed that a university should pursue the goal of being a useful university, not a WCU; WCUs cannot escape the nature of a good university education—teaching and making social contributions; social responsibilities of universities, university-
industry collaborations and university-government relationships can enhance the establishment of WCUs; the lack of a clear, specific positioning is a challenge for targeted Taiwanese universities; the Five-Year-50-Billion NT Dollars Budget Project has a labeling effect; universities should support the integration of resources; benchmarking and creating cross-discipline communities can help the pursuit of WCUs; professional leadership and organizational cohesion accelerate the pursuit of WCUs; global rankings as double-edged swords can either promote or impede the sustainability of university development; the Five-Year-50-Billion NT Dollars Budget Project deepens the gap between sciences and humanities; a primary challenge to university development is the lack of stable financial and human resources; internationalization is a necessary institutional mission but it is often impeded by financial issues; and the effectiveness of Flexible Merit Pay for faculty members is limited. This study also provides theoretical and practical implications for dynamic capabilities scale application, university strategic management, policy reform, and suggestions for further research.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Hou, Ya-Wenyah19@pitt.eduYAH19
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairJacob, W. Jameswjacob@pitt.eduWJACOB
Committee MemberMurtazashvili, Iliaimurtaz@pitt.eduIMURTAZ
Committee MemberWeidman, John C.weidman@pitt.eduWEIDMAN
Committee MemberSutin, Stewart E.ssutin@pitt.eduSSUTIN
Committee MemberCheng, Sheng Yaokentcheng@ccu.edu.tw
Date: 21 January 2016
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 5 November 2015
Approval Date: 21 January 2016
Submission Date: 17 December 2015
Access Restriction: 5 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 5 years.
Number of Pages: 232
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Education > Administrative and Policy Studies
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: World-Class Universities, Dynamic Capabilities, Taiwan
Date Deposited: 21 Jan 2016 15:58
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 14:31
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/26691

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