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Agriculture facilitated permanent human occupation of the Tibetan Plateau after 3600 B.P

Chen, FH and Dong, GH and Zhang, DJ and Liu, XY and Jia, X and An, CB and Ma, MM and Xie, YW and Barton, L and Ren, XY and Zhao, ZJ and Wu, XHW and Jones, MK (2015) Agriculture facilitated permanent human occupation of the Tibetan Plateau after 3600 B.P. Science, 347 (6219). 248 - 250. ISSN 0036-8075

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Abstract

© 2015 American Association for the Advancement of Science. All right reserved. Our understanding of when and how humans adapted to living on the Tibetan Plateau at altitudes above 2000 to 3000 meters has been constrained by a paucity of archaeological data. Here we report data sets from the northeastern Tibetan Plateau indicating that the first villages were established only by 5200 calendar years before the present (cal yr B.P.). Using these data, we tested the hypothesis that a novel agropastoral economy facilitated year-round living at higher altitudes since 3600 cal yr B.P. This successful subsistence strategy facilitated the adaptation of farmers-herders to the challenges of global temperature decline during the late Holocene.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Chen, FH
Dong, GH
Zhang, DJ
Liu, XY
Jia, X
An, CB
Ma, MM
Xie, YW
Barton, Lloukas@pitt.eduLOUKAS0000-0003-1519-4226
Ren, XY
Zhao, ZJ
Wu, XHW
Jones, MK
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, or Units > Center for Comparative Archaeology
Date: 16 January 2015
Date Type: Publication
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Journal or Publication Title: Science
Volume: 347
Number: 6219
Page Range: 248 - 250
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1126/science.1259172
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Anthropology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0036-8075
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2015 16:24
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2019 15:56
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/26695

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