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Medina Jimenez, Hernan (2016) RE-IMAGINAR LA AUTORREFERENCIALIDAD Y LA TEORÍA DEL JUEGO: A PROPÓSITO DE BELLATIN, BOLAÑO Y CORTÁZAR. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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This dissertation contests the pervasive “industrial reflexivity” within contemporary cultural productions by presenting how three recent cases of self-referentiality and frame narratives address this problem. The main scholarly accounts of Latin American self-referential narratives―formerly studied as “metafiction”―tend to situate such practices in relation to postmodern criticism. My guiding theoretical premise offers a significant departure from this approach by discussing self-referentiality not as a symptom but as a structural device that has historically circulated between Latin American literary traditions and Peninsular Spanish ones, and between Latin American literature and modern European epistemologies of the Other. My study thereby develops this approach by reading the works of Bellatin, Bolaño and the latest Cortázar within the dynamics that tie them to political colonial imaginaries in Mexico, Chile, and Argentina. Locating the authors of my study within this cross-cultural exchange allows me to examine how their fictions re-structure boundaries of media and genre in response to pedagogical framing practices reified under transnational publishing industries.
To address the ubiquitous status of self-referentiality across media, this study has expanded in scope to include diverse forms of textuality—a game, a novel, a happening. The second chapter examines Cortázar’s Autonauts of the cosmoroute (1983) as a mode of self-referentiality re-structured through the premises of the narrative theory of game. In the third chapter, I argue that Bellatin’s Escritores Duplicados, a literary symposium performed by copycats, combines principles of game theory with collaborative art practices in order to frame the narrative situation as a process of reciprocal creative labor. The fourth chapter focuses on Bolaño’s 2666 in relation to the politics of the paratext as an interface that de-frames the author’s narrative system and blurs Bolaño’s self-conscious critique of both the market of interpretation and the ethos of academic culture. At its core, my dissertation acknowledges and links the politics and economy of literature with a still dependent neocolonial periphery; more specifically, it problematizes narrative framing vis-à-vis updated and new modes of self-referentiality organized in new ways, which ultimately play out a tension between highbrow literature and wider forms of cultural representation.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Medina Jimenez, Hernanhem30@pitt.eduHEM30
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairMonasterios, Elizabethelm15@pitt.eduELM15
Committee MemberBeverley, Johnbrq@pitt.eduBRQ
Committee MemberDuchesne Winter, Juanduchesne@pitt.eduDUCHESNE0000-0002-0763-8205
Committee MemberArac, Jonathanjarac@pitt.eduJARAC
Date: 7 June 2016
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 29 February 2016
Approval Date: 7 June 2016
Submission Date: 25 March 2016
Access Restriction: 5 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 5 years.
Number of Pages: 247
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Hispanic Languages and Literatures
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: self-referentiality, metafiction, game, paratext, Bellatin, Bolano, Cortazar
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2016 18:43
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2021 05:15


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