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Promoting gender equality within family planning programs: An analysis of USAID projects

Knorr, Melissa (2016) Promoting gender equality within family planning programs: An analysis of USAID projects. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Gender norms present barriers to contraceptive use and contribute to high rates of unmet need for contraceptives. In the developing world, complications arising from pregnancy and childbirth present the leading threat to the health and lives of women of reproductive age. Mortalities and morbidities resulting from unintended pregnancies are a significant public health issue. Meeting women’s need for contraception could prevent 53 million unintended pregnancies, 15 million unsafe abortions, and 90,000 maternal deaths each year. International family planning programs actively address gender inequality as a means of decreasing unmet need for contraception. The United States Agency for International Development conducts family planning and reproductive health projects in more than 45 countries and positions gender equality at the center of its development work. This paper is a gender analysis of 19 United States Agency for International Development projects initiated between 2009 and 2015, and is based on publicly available project reports and website descriptions. Projects are classified using the Gender Equality Continuum Tool, case studies are reviewed, and common approaches to promote gender equality are discussed. Key findings, limitations, and promising paths forward are presented.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Knorr, Melissamak268@pitt.eduMAK268
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Thesis AdvisorTerry, Marthamaterry@pitt.eduMATERRY
Committee MemberFinkel, Mugemfinkel@pitt.eduMFINKEL
Committee MemberGoodkind, Sarasara.goodkind@pitt.eduSAG51
Date: 29 June 2016
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 11 April 2016
Approval Date: 29 June 2016
Submission Date: 24 March 2016
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 94
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Public Health > Behavioral and Community Health Sciences
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: gender equality; family planning; reproductive health; international family planning; barriers to contraceptive use
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2016 19:58
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 14:32


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