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Analysis of mandatory youth vaccination enforcement models

Robertson, Margaret (2016) Analysis of mandatory youth vaccination enforcement models. Master Essay, University of Pittsburgh.

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Abstract

Routine vaccinations are one of the most significant public health achievements of the 20th century, yet maintaining high vaccination rates is an ongoing public health challenge. Recently, some areas in the United States have seen decreases in youth vaccination rates, which may put communities at risk of communicable disease outbreaks given the public health importance of youth vaccination. This essay analyzes the relationship between school enforcement of mandatory youth vaccination policies and youth vaccination rates. Each state’s youth vaccination laws and regulations were analyzed, and states were categorized based on the strength of their exemption and enforcement policies. These categories of enforcement were then regressed with MMR vaccination rate data from the 2014-2015 school year. This state-level analysis of enforcement variables does not demonstrate a statistically significant relationship between the strength of a state’s enforcement policies and its MMR vaccination rate. However, local-level studies using surveys and interviews with school administrators indicate a significant relationship between enforcement and vaccination rates. Additional research is needed to further explore the impact of school enforcement policies on youth vaccination rates to better understand how these policies can be amended to increase coverage rates.


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Details

Item Type: Other Thesis, Dissertation, or Long Paper (Master Essay)
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Robertson, Margaretmar137@pitt.eduMAR137
Contributors:
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairPotter, Margaretmapotter@pitt.eduMAPOTTERUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberDougherty, Georgegwdjr@pitt.eduGWDJRUNSPECIFIED
Date: 2016
Date Type: Publication
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Health Policy & Management
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master Essay
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2016 20:04
Last Modified: 02 May 2019 14:03
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/27354

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