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Age-adjusted mortality rates of tobacco-related malignant neoplasms in Allegheny County, state of Pennsylvania and the United States, 2012-2013

Zou, Chun (2016) Age-adjusted mortality rates of tobacco-related malignant neoplasms in Allegheny County, state of Pennsylvania and the United States, 2012-2013. Master Essay, University of Pittsburgh.

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Abstract

Tobacco use and tobacco-related malignant neoplasms are a large problem and cause of death in the United States. Tobacco-related malignant neoplasms status varies between sex, race, age group and type of cancer. This essay aims to conduct an analysis of resident deaths due to tobacco-related malignant neoplasms in Allegheny County for the year 2012, and to compare them with those for the United States and Pennsylvania. This essay will also include spatial analysis for 2012 and 2013 to show the geographic distribution of eight tobacco-related malignant neoplasms in Allegheny County in 2012 and 2013. Age-adjusted mortality rates of eight malignant neoplasms for Allegheny County residents age 25 or older in 2012 were calculated, adjusted for sex and race. These rates were compared with those of the State of Pennsylvania and the United States. Age-adjusted mortality rates of eight malignant neoplasms of all sexes and races in Allegheny County in 2012 and 2013 were calculated, by municipality, to show geographic patterns of tobacco-related malignant neoplasms. The age-adjusted mortality rates of tobacco-related malignant neoplasms were similar among Allegheny County, State of Pennsylvania and the United States. The age-adjusted mortality rate of malignant neoplasms of trachea, bronchus and lung is the highest in each race and sex groups. In general, males have higher age-adjusted mortality rates of tobacco-related cancers than females, and age-adjusted mortality rates of tobacco-related cancers in blacks are higher than those of whites. Based on spatial analysis, higher mortality rates seem to be concentrated in Pitcairn Borough, Millvale Borough, Etna Borough, Tarentum Borough, which present visible geographic patterns within Allegheny County in 2012 and 2013. These results indicate a need to address and develop tobacco cessation programs to improve policies and public health awareness of tobacco cessation and tobacco-related malignant neoplasms prevention, and assist with reducing tobacco use and eliminating tobacco-related disease disparities in the population.


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Details

Item Type: Other Thesis, Dissertation, or Long Paper (Master Essay)
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Zou, Chun
Contributors:
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairGlynn, Nancy Wglynnn@edc.pitt.eduEPIDNWGUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberTalbott, Evelyn O.eot1@pitt.eduEOT1UNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberMartinson, Jeremy Jjmartins@pitt.eduJMARTINSUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberKokenda, John M.jkokenda@achd.netUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date: 26 April 2016
Date Type: Publication
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Epidemiology
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master Essay
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 08 Sep 2016 14:34
Last Modified: 02 May 2019 14:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/27433

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