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A literature review of antibiotic use in food animals and its effect on humans with a proposal for policy reform

Murphy, Julie E (2016) A literature review of antibiotic use in food animals and its effect on humans with a proposal for policy reform. Master Essay, University of Pittsburgh.

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Abstract

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that each year at least two million people acquire infections from antibiotic resistant bacteria and more than 23,000 of these individuals die due to these infections. While there are numerous studies regarding antibiotic resistance in humans, few are focused specifically on the connection between antibiotic use in food animals and poor human health outcomes. This paper reviews and summarizes literature and public information currently available as well as legal measures in place to mitigate the threat of resistance due to consumption of food animals contaminated with antibiotic resistant bacteria. Regulation and monitoring of appropriate antibiotic use in food animal production is of high public health importance to improve human health, reduce medical costs to those in need of antibiotic resistance therapy, and reduce risk of antibiotic resistant bacteria infections in humans.


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Details

Item Type: Other Thesis, Dissertation, or Long Paper (Master Essay)
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Murphy, Julie E
Contributors:
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairTerry, Mary Annmaterry@pitt.eduUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberVan Nostrand, Elizabethschmidte@pitt.eduUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, or Units > Arthritis Institute
Date: 20 May 2016
Date Type: Submission
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Behavioral and Community Health Sciences
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master Essay
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2016 19:59
Last Modified: 20 Dec 2018 00:56
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/27487

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