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The role of conflict in executive control in bilingual young adults

Kirby, Claire (2016) The role of conflict in executive control in bilingual young adults. Undergraduate Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

This study examined differences in executive control between monolingual and bilingual speakers in one verbal and one nonverbal behavioral task. Each task had two versions examining different components of executive function: one version that required active inhibition and one version that also required conflict monitoring and resolution. Members of the bilingual group also completed a self-reported survey about their language proficiency and use, the Language Experience and Proficiency Questionnaire (Marian, Blumenfeld, & Kaushanskaya, 2007). Responses on this survey were analyzed in order to determine the relationship between proficiency in a second language and performance on the tasks. Results indicated that bilingual speakers may have an advantage in active inhibition on the nonverbal task. However, bilinguals were outperformed by monolinguals in the verbal task. Furthermore, the bilingual advantage in the nonverbal task was predicted most robustly by speaking proficiency in the second language, but the bilingual disadvantage in the verbal task had no correlation to second language proficiency.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Kirby, Claireclairekirby4@gmail.comCMK1010000-0003-4379-3656
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Thesis AdvisorDickey, Michael Walshmdickey@pitt.eduMDICKEY
Committee MemberHussey, Erikaehussey@illinois.edu
Committee MemberLundblom, Erinlundblom@pitt.eduLUNDBLOM
Committee MemberTokowicz, Natashatokowicz@pitt.eduTOKOWICZ
Date: 25 April 2016
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 18 March 2016
Approval Date: 25 April 2016
Submission Date: 20 April 2016
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 83
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: University Honors College
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences > Communication Science and Disorders
Degree: BPhil - Bachelor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Undergraduate Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bilingualism, Executive function
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2016 15:10
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 14:32
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/27579

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