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INTERGENERATIONAL ASSOCIATIONS IN NUMERICAL APPROXIMATION AND MATHEMATICAL ABILITIES

Braham, Emily J. (2016) INTERGENERATIONAL ASSOCIATIONS IN NUMERICAL APPROXIMATION AND MATHEMATICAL ABILITIES. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Although growing evidence suggests a link between children's math skills and their ability to estimate numerical quantities using the approximate number system (ANS), little is known about the sources underlying individual differences in ANS acuity and their relation with specific mathematical skills. To examine the role of intergenerational transmission of these abilities from parents to children, the current study assessed the ANS acuities and math abilities of 54 children (5-8 years old) and their parents, as well as parents’ expectations about children’s math skills. Children’s ANS acuity positively correlated with their parents’ ANS acuity, and children’s math abilities were predicted by unique combinations of parents’ ANS acuity and math ability depending on the specific math skill in question. These findings provide the first evidence of intergenerational transmission of an unlearned, non-verbal numerical competence and are an important step toward understanding the multifaceted parental influences on children’s math abilities.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Braham, Emily J.ejb67@pitt.eduEJB67
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairLibertus, Melissalibertus@pitt.eduLIBERTUS
Committee MemberRottman, Benjaminrottman@pitt.eduROTTMAN
Committee MemberTokowicz, Natashatokowicz@pitt.eduTOKOWICZ
Date: 20 June 2016
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 15 March 2016
Approval Date: 20 June 2016
Submission Date: 7 April 2016
Access Restriction: 5 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 5 years.
Number of Pages: 40
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Degree: MS - Master of Science
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: math ability, approximate number system, intergenerational transmission
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2016 19:24
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 14:32
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/27601

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