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CHARACTERISTICS OF EPIGLOTTIC INVERSION IN CHILDREN WITH CEREBRAL PALSY

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Cryan, Abigail (2016) CHARACTERISTICS OF EPIGLOTTIC INVERSION IN CHILDREN WITH CEREBRAL PALSY. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

This single cohort, retrospective, descriptive study, was conducted because of anecdotal, clinical observations that most children with cerebral palsy exhibit limited epiglottic inversion during swallowing. Puree bolus swallows from previously recorded Videofluoroscopic Swallowing Studies (VFSS) of children with cerebral palsy were analyzed with image processing software to compare the degree of the epiglottic angle before the swallow to the epiglottic angle at maximum rotation, and the competence of airway protection using the Penetration-Aspiration Scale. Data were analyzed to describe correlation between angle of epiglottic inversion and entry of material into the laryngeal vestibule. Descriptive statistics were used to describe means and standard deviation of epiglottic inversion, penetration-aspiration score, and the age and sex of the participants. A comparison was made between angle of epiglottic inversion in children with cerebral palsy and healthy norms. Findings of this study included significantly limited epiglottic inversion in children with cerebral palsy. A correlation was not demonstrated between epiglottic inversion and penetration aspiration scores.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Cryan, Abigailafc24@pitt.eduAFC24
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Thesis AdvisorCoyle, James Ljcoyle@pitt.eduJCOYLE
Committee MemberVerdolini, Katherinekav25@pitt.eduKAV25
Committee MemberDiez Gross, RoxannRGR@the-institute.org
Date: 2 June 2016
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 21 April 2016
Approval Date: 2 June 2016
Submission Date: 10 April 2016
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 39
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences > Communication Science and Disorders
Degree: MS - Master of Science
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: cerebral palsy, children, dysphagia, epiglottis
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2016 13:02
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 14:32
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/27632

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