Link to the University of Pittsburgh Homepage
Link to the University Library System Homepage Link to the Contact Us Form

CORRELATES AND CONSEQUENCES OF FUTURE EXPECTATIONS AT THE TRANSITION TO ADULTHOOD AMONG HIGH-RISK ADOLESCENTS

Amemiya, Jamie L. (2016) CORRELATES AND CONSEQUENCES OF FUTURE EXPECTATIONS AT THE TRANSITION TO ADULTHOOD AMONG HIGH-RISK ADOLESCENTS. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

[img] PDF
Primary Text
Restricted to University of Pittsburgh users only until 20 June 2021.

Download (1MB) | Request a Copy

Abstract

Little is known about how future expectations at the transition to adulthood are formed and whether these beliefs forecast young adult outcomes among high-risk adolescents involved in the juvenile justice system. Using a sample of 989 serious adolescent offenders (Mage = 15.96 years, SD = 1.13; 86.7% male), the present study examined (a) if there were distinct, multivariate profiles of future expectations at the transition to adulthood at 18 years (i.e., future expectations for educational attainment, occupational success, and law-abiding behavior), (b) the correlates (i.e., socioeconomic status, demographic, and social factors) of future expectations, and (c) whether future expectations mediated the relation between socioeconomic status and young adult outcomes (i.e., educational attainment, occupational attainment, and law-abiding conduct at age 21 years). There was no support for multivariate profiles of future expectations in this high-risk sample. Analyses that examined each domain of future expectations separately revealed that socioeconomic status was not a robust correlate of young offenders’ future expectations in any domain. With respect to demographic correlates, males and ethnic minority youth reported lower expectations for adulthood success in comparison to their female and White counterparts. With respect to social correlates, higher parental expectations and greater bonding to teachers were associated with higher adolescent future expectations, although these relations varied by the domain of expectations. Finally, although there was not robust evidence that future expectations mediated the relation between socioeconomic status and young adult outcomes in any domain, both educational and law-abiding future expectations were associated with prospective outcomes in the respective domains, with educational expectations associated with educational achievements and law-abiding expectations related to antisocial behavior in early adulthood.


Share

Citation/Export:
Social Networking:
Share |

Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Amemiya, Jamie L.jaa141@pitt.eduJAA141
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairMonahan, Kathryn C.monahan@pitt.eduMONAHAN
Committee MemberShaw, Daniel S.danielshaw@pitt.eduCASEY
Committee MemberWang, Ming-Temtwang@pitt.eduMTWANG
Date: 20 June 2016
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 24 September 2015
Approval Date: 20 June 2016
Submission Date: 13 April 2016
Access Restriction: 5 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 5 years.
Number of Pages: 103
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Degree: MS - Master of Science
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: future expectations, juvenile justice, transition to adulthood
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2016 15:50
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 14:32
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/27688

Metrics

Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics


Actions (login required)

View Item View Item