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Of death and dying: a spatial analysis of race, neighborhood distress, and suicide in Pittsburgh

Gibson, Karl (2016) Of death and dying: a spatial analysis of race, neighborhood distress, and suicide in Pittsburgh. Undergraduate Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Suicide is one of the leading causes of death in the United States. This article examines the relationship between multiple levels of neighborhood distress, race, and suicide in the city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Using data from the Census as well as the Pittsburgh Neighborhood and Community Information System (PNCIS), this study investigates the relationship between racial disparities, neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage (SED), residential instability, violence, and suicide in Pittsburgh’s residential neighborhoods. Ordinary least squares (OLS) linear regression was used to model the data, regressing race, SED, residential instability, and violent crime on suicide rates. Findings suggest that SED is positively associated with suicide rates at the neighborhood level, as is having a low percentage of Black residents. Furthermore, the percentage of Black residents is found to be a stronger predictive factor than SED, despite black neighborhoods exhibiting the highest levels of distress. Implications of these findings for future research are discussed.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Gibson, Karlkgw2@pitt.eduKGW20000-0001-7582-7211
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Thesis AdvisorDuck, Waverlywod1@pitt.edu
Committee MemberMaynard, Douglasmaynard@ssc.wisc.edu
Committee MemberRomesberg, Danielromesber@pitt.edu
Committee MemberZuberi, Anitaazuberi@pitt.edu
Date: 25 April 2016
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 29 January 2016
Approval Date: 25 April 2016
Submission Date: 15 April 2016
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 40
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: University Honors College
Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Sociology
Degree: BPhil - Bachelor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Undergraduate Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Distress, Neighborhoods, Race, Suicide, Socioeconomic Disadvantage
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2016 18:39
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 14:32
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/27720

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