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Assessing disparities in Pennsylvania schools' readiness for federal school local wellness policy regulations

Backman, Deborah (2016) Assessing disparities in Pennsylvania schools' readiness for federal school local wellness policy regulations. Master Essay, University of Pittsburgh.

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Abstract

Background: Child obesity is a significant public health problem in the U.S. In 2012, 31.8% of U.S. children were overweight or obese, and 17% were obese. Additionally, minority, low-income, and rural children are more likely to be overweight or obese compared to their white, wealthier, and urban/suburban counterparts. Additionally, child obesity increases one’s risk for heart disease, diabetes, and other serious chronic conditions later in life. Despite persistent disparities in child obesity, however, few studies have examined relationships between school-level demographic factors and evidence-based obesity prevention policies. Methods: I merged data from the 2014 CDC School Health Profiles Study with 2013-2014 National Center for Education Statistics demographic data for Pennsylvania public schools. Descriptive statistics were used to determine prevalence of evidence-based obesity prevention practices, and multivariable logistic regression were used to determine: a) Prevalence of evidence-based obesity prevention practices and b) Disparities in such practices by school-level urbanicity, socioeconomic status (SES), and racial/ethnic composition. Results: Schools with higher proportions of minority and low-income students had fewer evidence-based practices, although these associations were not statistically significant. Schools with >20% minority students had nearly 3 times greater odds of classroom physical activity breaks compared to schools with 50% low-income students reported lower odds of offering salad bars compared to schools with


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Details

Item Type: Other Thesis, Dissertation, or Long Paper (Master Essay)
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Backman, Deborahdeb85@pitt.eduDEB85
Contributors:
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairJarlenski, Marianmarian.jarlenski@pitt.eduUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberRoss, Sharonseross@pitt.eduUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberYu, Lanyul2@upmc.eduUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date: 22 March 2016
Date Type: Publication
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Health Policy & Management
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master Essay
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2016 17:24
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2017 20:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/27852

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