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Observing the effects of an educational intervention on MRSA screening compliance in an acute healthcare facility

Pikula, Stephanie (2016) Observing the effects of an educational intervention on MRSA screening compliance in an acute healthcare facility. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections, particularly methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), have been an on-going public health problem for several years. Cases of MRSA are often missed due to non-compliance with MRSA screening procedures, which has been attributed to many factors. However, one of the most influential factors is a lack of knowledge regarding screening. Therefore, it is important to consider the benefits of providing education to physicians regarding MRSA screening. METHODS: A total of 34 primary care physicians (PCPs) at Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic in Pittsburgh, PA were identified as the PCPs mainly responsible for swabbing incoming patients for MRSA. An intervention was developed that highlighted the appropriate swabbing procedure and MRSA surveillance measures, as well as a form of acknowledgement that the PCPs were required to sign and return to confirm that they participated. Baseline data of patients’ swab status was collected for one month before the intervention. Following the intervention, swab status data was collected for one and a half months. RESULTS: Of the 34 PCPs that were contacted for the study, 18 returned the form of acknowledgement. In order to determine if the intervention was effective, compliance rates were calculated for each month. The baseline compliance rate was 66.67%. After the intervention, the first month’s data yielded a compliance rate of 74.07%, and the remaining half month of data yielded a compliance rate of 80%. CONCLUSION: An educational intervention regarding MRSA screening had a significant impact on screening compliance. This suggests that with regular interventions, compliance could continue to improve and in the future, regular educational interventions should be considered in healthcare settings in order to promote screening compliance.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Pikula, Stephaniesmp124@pitt.eduSMP124
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairGupta, Phalgunipgupta1@pitt.eduPGUPTA1
Committee MemberTerry, Marthamaterry@pitt.eduMATERRY
Committee MemberSilvestre, Anthony J.tonys@pitt.eduTONYS
Date: 29 June 2016
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 11 April 2016
Approval Date: 29 June 2016
Submission Date: 27 April 2016
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 46
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Infectious Diseases and Microbiology
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, MRSA, educational intervention, intervention, education, acute healthcare facility
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2016 20:15
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 14:33
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/27863

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