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Anti-Hegemonic Party States

Eldridge, Kate (2016) Anti-Hegemonic Party States. In: First Experience in Research: Celebration of Research, 22 April 2016 - 22 April 2016, Alumni Hall. (Unpublished)

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My researcher is proposing a new term to bring together different political regimes that have never been connected before. Before his new term, such political regimes such as totalitarianism, communism, and single-party systems have all been considered separate in history and political theory. To combat this, Dr. Holstein is coining the term the “Anti-Hegemonic Party State (AHPS)”. Some of the aspects of political regimes that he is connecting are characterized by a centralized economy and other developments in order to try to “catch-up” to the already developed countries of the world. His first goal is to reveal that separating all of these regimes into multiple concepts- one/single party states, populism, national liberation movements, and totalitarianism- is problematic because they focus too much on how they are all different and not how they are similar. These concepts also group together party states that do not relate, such as the Latin American populist state with US mid-western farmers from the 1880’s and the Russian narodnichestvo from the 1870's. It ignores the fact that very similar regimes that all wanted to “catch-up” to the world around employed drastic economic policies in the same period of history-- 1917-1991. This new term will also help to solve three problems in current historical and political thought: The first is that because of the overlap between concepts, many historical cases who have aspects of all of them are portrayed as having more than one kind of regime (e.g. Communist Cuba as populist, totalitarian, one party-state or national liberation movement). Second, a “more serious” problem is the identification of concepts within geographical areas, leading to these regimes being isolated. The result is that totalitarianism is generally applied to Europe, populism to Latin America, regimes headed by national liberation movements to states in Africa and Asia, and one-party/single-party states to communist regimes and states in Africa. By matching concepts to regions, the global perspective is lost. Finally, this lack of globalization leads to scholars only looking for the origins of these regimes within the states themselves. Anti-hegemonic Party States will counteract this by pointing to the historical period that many of these seemingly separate states came to be. For my part of the project, I am helping to find credible sources that can give interesting perspectives on certain aspects of a centralized or anti-trade economy that were common among the regimes in this time period. The policy I have mainly focused on is Import Substitution Industrialization, in which countries will “substitute” the imports they used to depend on other countries to give them by encouraging industrialization development in their own countries. I mainly researched this by finding books in the library through PittCat+ or used key word searches on databases such as JSTOR, Project Muse, and Historical Abstracts. I would make a list of possible articles that looked good at a glance and after Dr. Holstein told me which ones were best to pursue further, I would look for reviews of the journal or book as well as create an abstract of them. After narrowing the list down to just four books and journals, I would create outlines that pointed out how each applies to the research of Anti-Hegemonic Party States.


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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Eldridge, Katekee30@pitt.eduKEE30
Date: 22 April 2016
Date Type: Publication
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Event Title: First Experience in Research: Celebration of Research
Event Dates: 22 April 2016 - 22 April 2016
Event Type: Conference
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > History
Refereed: No
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anti-Hegemonic, Party, States, history
Additional Information: My research was conducted under the supervision of Dr. Diego Holstein in the History Department.
Date Deposited: 03 May 2016 17:17
Last Modified: 31 May 2019 12:55


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