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South-South Trade, Trade-Based Policy Diffusion, And Political Autonomy In Countries Of The Global South

Gamso, Jonas (2016) South-South Trade, Trade-Based Policy Diffusion, And Political Autonomy In Countries Of The Global South. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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The tremendous growth of South-South trade is among the key trends in international economics, yet it has received surprisingly little attention from scholars of international political economy. This dissertation helps to fill this void by providing the first systematic analysis of the political effects of South-South trade. Such analysis is appropriate given the foreign policy norm that uniquely characterizes South-South relations, including South-South trade: countries of the South espouse the practice of non-interference in the domestic affairs of their partners. In contrast, countries of the North typically seek to promote certain domestic policies among their partners in the Global South, such as human rights, democratic governance, certain foreign policy behaviors, and labor and environmental standards. In light of Southern non-interference and its contrast to the foreign policy norms of countries of the North, this dissertation assesses the effects of South-South trade on trade-based diffusion processes associated with labor laws, environmental standards, and voting within international organizations. In assessing each of these policy areas, the analysis considers three issues: first, whether the policy diffusion patterns associated with South-South are different from those associated with other types of trade flows; second, whether high levels of South-South trade weaken the effectiveness of trade-based policy promotion efforts by countries of the North; and third, whether variation in South-South trade levels moderates the relationships between domestic political variables and policy outcomes. These hypotheses correspond to a novel theory positing that trade-based efforts by Northern countries to promote the adoption of their favored policies by partners in the South are weaker where those Southern partners engage in high levels of South-South trade. In Southern countries where Northern efforts are rendered weak by high levels of South-South trade, it is further theorized that domestic level interests and institutions play a larger role in the policy process, as these interests and institutions are less constrained by interference from the North and not subject to comparable interference efforts from the South. The results provide mixed support for this theory, but they do clarify that South-South trade is accompanied by different policy diffusion patterns than other types of trade.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Gamso, Jonasjog68@pitt.eduJOG68
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairStaniland,
Committee MemberWilf,
Committee MemberCondra,
Committee MemberHays,
Date: 28 September 2016
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 6 May 2016
Approval Date: 28 September 2016
Submission Date: 13 May 2016
Access Restriction: 1 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 1 year.
Number of Pages: 202
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public and International Affairs > Public and International Affairs
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: South-South trade; Labor Rights; Environmental Policy; Political Autonomy; Political Dependency; The Global South; Race to the Top
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2016 14:21
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2017 05:15


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