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Information Technology Standards for Libraries

Tomer, Christinger (2016) Information Technology Standards for Libraries. Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science. (In Press)

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The general view is that standards tend to reduce chaos, enhance the credibility of compliant organizations, and often foster creativity at the individual level. On one hand, it has been argued that there are too many standards-making bodies and too many standards, and that the proliferation of standards often does no more than serve the interests of specific industries and markets. On the other hand, the proponents of standards and the standards-making process contend that while standards intended for different uses or different constituencies tend to cause conflict at the edges, the same standards reflect the varied and often deep needs of the domains to which the standards are applied, and that the standards process, in its emphasis on procedure, creates a desirable orderliness that engenders beneficial efficiencies and makes interoperability possible. Information technology standards, which have been an important part of librarianship in the United States for more than 75 years, are more important than ever. In the digital era, the environment in which such standards arise grows increasingly complex, as the technical concerns of librarians and archivists intersect with the communities formulating technical standards for computing, networking, and digital publishing in general. In this essay, which assumes that the benefits of technical standards far outweigh any liabilities in the library marketplace, the nature of standards and basic aspects of the standardization process are described, key standards-making organizations are identified and their roles are assayed, and the various benefits of information-oriented technical standards are assessed.


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Item Type: Article
Status: In Press
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Tomer, Christinger
Date: 2016
Date Type: Publication
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Journal or Publication Title: Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Information Sciences > Library and Information Science
Refereed: Yes
Article Type: Research Article
Additional Information: standards. information technology, libraries, archives
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2016 17:52
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2017 13:59


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