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Environmental Conditions Associated with Elevated Vibrio parahaemolyticus Concentrations in Great Bay Estuary, New Hampshire

Urquhart, EA and Jones, SH and Yu, JW and Schuster, BM and Marcinkiewicz, AL and Whistler, CA and Cooper, VS (2016) Environmental Conditions Associated with Elevated Vibrio parahaemolyticus Concentrations in Great Bay Estuary, New Hampshire. PloS one, 11 (5). e0155018 - ?.

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Abstract

Reports from state health departments and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention indicate that the annual number of reported human vibriosis cases in New England has increased in the past decade. Concurrently, there has been a shift in both the spatial distribution and seasonal detection of Vibrio spp. throughout the region based on limited monitoring data. To determine environmental factors that may underlie these emerging conditions, this study focuses on a long-term database of Vibrio parahaemolyticus concentrations in oyster samples generated from data collected from the Great Bay Estuary, New Hampshire over a period of seven consecutive years. Oyster samples from two distinct sites were analyzed for V. parahaemolyticus abundance, noting significant relationships with various biotic and abiotic factors measured during the same period of study. We developed a predictive modeling tool capable of estimating the likelihood of V. parahaemolyticus presence in coastal New Hampshire oysters. Results show that the inclusion of chlorophyll a concentration to an empirical model otherwise employing only temperature and salinity variables, offers improved predictive capability for modeling the likelihood of V. parahaemolyticus in the Great Bay Estuary.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Urquhart, EA
Jones, SH
Yu, JW
Schuster, BM
Marcinkiewicz, AL
Whistler, CA
Cooper, VS
Contributors:
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
EditorLarsen, Peter E.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date: 1 January 2016
Date Type: Publication
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Journal or Publication Title: PloS one
Volume: 11
Number: 5
Page Range: e0155018 - ?
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1371/journal.pone.0155018
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Microbiology and Molecular Genetics
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2016 18:07
Last Modified: 26 Jan 2019 10:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/28260

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