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Characterization and predictive value of near infrared 2-deoxyglucose optical imaging in severe acute pancreatitis

De Oliveira, C and Patel, K and Mishra, V and Trivedi, RN and Noel, P and Singh, A and Yaron, JR and Singh, VP (2016) Characterization and predictive value of near infrared 2-deoxyglucose optical imaging in severe acute pancreatitis. PLoS ONE, 11 (2).

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Abstract

© 2016 de Oliveira et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Background: Studying the uptake of 2-deoxy glucose (2-DG) analogs such as 2-Deoxy-2-[18F] fluoroglucose (FDG) is a common approach to identify and monitor malignancies and more recently chronic inflammation. While pancreatitis is a common cause for false positive results in human studies on pancreatic cancer using FDG, the relevance of these findings to acute pancreatitis (AP) is unknown. FDG has a short half-life. Thus, with an aim to accurately characterize the metabolic demand of the pancreas during AP in real-time, we studied the uptake of the non-radioactive, near infrared fluorescence labelled 2-deoxyglucose analog, IRDye1® 800CW 2-DG probe (NIR 2-DG; Li-Cor) during mild and severe biliary AP. Methods: Wistar rats (300 g; 8-12/group) were administered NIR 2-DG (10 nM; I.V.). Mild and severe biliary AP were respectively induced by biliopancreatic duct ligation (DL) alone or along with infusing glyceryl trilinoleate (GTL; 50 μL/100 g) within 10 minutes of giving NIR 2-DG. Controls (CON) only received NIR 2-DG. Imaging was done every 5-10 minutes over 3 hrs. Average Radiant Efficiency [p/s/cm2/sr]/[μW/cm2] was measured over the pancreas using the IVIS 200 in-vivo imaging system (PerkinElmer) using the Living Image® software and verified in ex vivo pancreata. Blood amylase, lipase and pancreatic edema, necrosis were measured over the course of AP. Results: NIR 2-DG uptake over the first hour was not influenced by AP induction. However, while the signal declined in controls and rats with mild AP, there was significantly higher retention of NIR 2-DG in the pancreas after 1 hour in those with GTL pancreatitis. The increase was > 3 fold over controls in the GTL group and was verified to be in the pancreas ex vivo. In vitro, pancreatic acini exposed to GTL had a similar increase in NIR 2-DG uptake which was followed by progressively worse acinar necrosis. Greater retention of NIR 2-DG in vivo was associated with worse pancreatic necrosis, reduced ATP concentrations and mortality, which were not predicted by the blood parameters. Conclusion: In-vivo fluorescent imaging of a non-radioactive near infrared 2-DG optical probe can predict the AP severity early during the disease.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
De Oliveira, C
Patel, K
Mishra, V
Trivedi, RN
Noel, P
Singh, A
Yaron, JR
Singh, VP
Date: 1 February 2016
Date Type: Publication
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Journal or Publication Title: PLoS ONE
Volume: 11
Number: 2
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1371/journal.pone.0149073
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Medicine
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2016 15:08
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2018 22:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/28302

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