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Altered structural and functional connectivity in late preterm preadolescence: An anatomic seed-based study of resting state networks related to the posteromedial and lateral parietal cortex

Degnan, AJ and Wisnowski, JL and Choi, S and Ceschin, R and Bhushan, C and Leahy, RM and Corby, P and Schmithorst, VJ and Panigrahy, A (2015) Altered structural and functional connectivity in late preterm preadolescence: An anatomic seed-based study of resting state networks related to the posteromedial and lateral parietal cortex. PLoS ONE, 10 (6).

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Abstract

© 2015 Degnan et al. Objective: Late preterm birth confers increased risk of developmental delay, academic difficulties and social deficits. The late third trimester may represent a critical period of development of neural networks including the default mode network (DMN), which is essential to normal cognition. Our objective is to identify functional and structural connectivity differences in the posteromedial cortex related to late preterm birth. Methods: Thirty-eight preadolescents (ages 9-13; 19 born in the late preterm period (≥32 weeks gestational age) and 19 at term) without access to advanced neonatal care were recruited from a low socioeconomic status community in Brazil. Participants underwent neurocognitive testing, 3-dimensional T1-weighted imaging, diffusion-weighted imaging and resting state functional MRI (RS-fMRI). Seed-based probabilistic diffusion tractography and RS-fMRI analyses were performed using unilateral seeds within the posterior DMN (posterior cingulate cortex, precuneus) and lateral parietal DMN (superior marginal and angular gyri). Results: Late preterm children demonstrated increased functional connectivity within the posterior default mode networks and increased anti-correlation with the central-executive network when seeded from the posteromedial cortex (PMC). Key differences were demonstrated between PMC components with increased anti-correlation with the salience network seen only with posterior cingulate cortex seeding but not with precuneus seeding. Probabilistic tractography showed increased streamlines within the right inferior longitudinal fasciculus and inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus within late preterm children while decreased intrahemispheric streamlines were also observed. No significant differences in neurocognitive testing were demonstrated between groups. Conclusion: Late preterm preadolescence is associated with altered functional connectivity from the PMC and lateral parietal cortex to known distributed functional cortical networks despite no significant executive neurocognitive differences. Selective increased structural connectivity was observed in the setting of decreased posterior interhemispheric connections. Future work is needed to determine if these findings represent a compensatory adaptation employing alternate neural circuitry or could reflect subtle pathology resulting in emotional processing deficits not seen with neurocognitive testing. Copyright:


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Degnan, AJ
Wisnowski, JLjlw156@pitt.eduJLW156
Choi, S
Ceschin, RRafael.Ceschin@pitt.eduRCC100000-0002-3715-9627
Bhushan, C
Leahy, RM
Corby, P
Schmithorst, VJvjs17@pitt.eduVJS17
Panigrahy, Aasp55@pitt.eduASP55
Contributors:
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
EditorYang, JianUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date: 22 June 2015
Date Type: Publication
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Journal or Publication Title: PLoS ONE
Volume: 10
Number: 6
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1371/journal.pone.0130686
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Biomedical Informatics
School of Medicine > Pediatrics
School of Medicine > Radiology
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2016 19:24
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2018 13:56
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/28434

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