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Urinary biomarkers TIMP-2 and IGFBP7 early predict acute kidney injury after major surgery

Gocze, I and Koch, M and Renner, P and Zeman, F and Graf, BM and Dahlke, MH and Nerlich, M and Schlitt, HJ and Kellum, JA and Bein, T (2015) Urinary biomarkers TIMP-2 and IGFBP7 early predict acute kidney injury after major surgery. PLoS ONE, 10 (3).

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Abstract

© 2015 Gocze et al. Objective To assess the ability of the urinary biomarkers IGFBP7 (insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 7) and TIMP-2 (tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 2) to early predict acute kidney injury (AKI) in high-risk surgical patients. Introduction Postoperative AKI is associated with an increase in short and long-term mortality. Using IGFBP7 and TIMP-2 for early detection of cellular kidney injury, thus allowing the early initiation of renal protection measures, may represent a new concept of evaluating renal function. Methods In this prospective study, urinary [TIMP-2]×[IGFBP7] was measured in surgical patients at high risk for AKI. A predefined cut-off value of [TIMP-2]×[IGFBP7] >0.3 was used for assessing diagnostic accuracy. Perioperative characteristics were evaluated, and ROC analyses as well as logistic regression models of risk assessment were calculated with and without a [TIMP-2]×[IGFBP7] test. Results 107 patients were included in the study, of whom 45 (42%) developed AKI. The highest median values of biomarker were detected in septic, transplant and patients after hepatic surgery (1.24 vs 0.45 vs 0.47 ng/l2/1000). The area under receiving operating characteristic curve (AUC) for the risk of any AKI was 0.85, for early use of RRT 0.83 and for 28-day mortality 0.77. In a multivariable model with established perioperative risk factors, the [TIMP-2]×[IGFBP7] test was the strongest predictor of AKI and significantly improved the risk assessment (p<0.001). Conclusions Urinary [TIMP-2]×[IGFBP7] test sufficiently detect patients with risk of AKI after major noncardiac surgery. Due to its rapid responsiveness it extends the time frame for intervention to prevent development of AKI.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Gocze, I
Koch, M
Renner, P
Zeman, F
Graf, BM
Dahlke, MH
Nerlich, M
Schlitt, HJ
Kellum, JAkellum@pitt.eduKELLUM0000-0003-1995-2653
Bein, T
Contributors:
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
EditorZarbock, AlexanderUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date: 23 March 2015
Date Type: Publication
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Journal or Publication Title: PLoS ONE
Volume: 10
Number: 3
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1371/journal.pone.0120863
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Critical Care Medicine
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2016 13:55
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2019 15:57
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/28499

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