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Association between social support and recovery from post-traumatic stress disorder after flood: A 13-14 year follow-up study in Hunan, China Chronic Disease epidemiology

Dai, W and Chen, L and Tan, H and Wang, J and Lai, Z and Kaminga, AC and Li, Y and Liu, A (2016) Association between social support and recovery from post-traumatic stress disorder after flood: A 13-14 year follow-up study in Hunan, China Chronic Disease epidemiology. BMC Public Health, 16 (1).

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Abstract

© 2016 Dai et al. Background: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is one of the most prevalent long-term psychiatric disorders among survivors of traumatic events. It is well established that social support has been related to the onset of PTSD after natural disasters. However, very little is known whether or not social support has had an influence on the recovery from the PTSD that was diagnosed after floods. This study, therefore, made a follow-up assessment of PTSD in flood victims 13-14 years after they were diagnosed with PTSD in 2000 to measure the prevalence rate of PTSD among them and identify the association between social support and their recovery from PTSD. Methods: Victims who had experienced Dongting Lake flood in 1998 and had been diagnosed as having PTSD in 2000 were enrolled in this study. A follow-up survey was done between the years 2013 and 2014 to diagnose the victims again of PTSD using the DSM-IV criteria. Social support and its three dimensions were measured using the Chinese version of Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS), including objective support, subjective support and support utilization. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews using a structured questionnaire. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to examine the relationship between social support and the recovery from PTSD after flood. Results: Out of 321 subjects with prior PTSD, 51 (15.89 %) were diagnosed as still having PTSD. Logistic regression analyses indicated that the recovery from prior PTSD was significantly associated with social support (odds ratio (OR) =0.202, 95 % confidence interval (95 % CI): 0.047-0.878), subjective support (OR = 0.236, 95 % CI: 0.080-0.694) and support utilization (OR = 0.245, 95 % CI: 0.071-0.844). Conclusions: The prevalence rate of current PTSD indicates that natural disasters, such as floods, may affect the mental health of victims for a long time. Social support was significantly associated with the recovery from prior PTSD, especially subjective support and support utilization.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Dai, W
Chen, L
Tan, H
Wang, Jjiw95@pitt.eduJIW95
Lai, Z
Kaminga, AC
Li, Y
Liu, A
Date: 29 February 2016
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: BMC Public Health
Volume: 16
Number: 1
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1186/s12889-016-2871-x
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Epidemiology
School of Medicine > Pediatrics
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 22 Aug 2016 18:57
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2019 23:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/28723

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