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The Nurse Education and Transition (NEAT) model: educating the hospitalized patient with diabetes.

Krall, Jodi Stotts and Donihi, Amy Calabrese and Hatam, Mary and Koshinsky, Janice and Siminerio, Linda (2016) The Nurse Education and Transition (NEAT) model: educating the hospitalized patient with diabetes. Clin Diabetes Endocrinol, 2. 1 - ?. ISSN 2055-8260

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BACKGROUND: The number of patients with a diabetes mellitus (DM)-related diagnosis is increasing, yet the number of hospital-based diabetes educators is being reduced. Interest in determining effective ways for staff nurses to deliver diabetes education (DE) is mounting. The purpose of this multi-phase feasibility study was to develop and evaluate the Nurse Education and Transition (NEAT) inpatient DM education model. METHODS: Exploratory focus groups were conducted with staff nurses from inpatient units at academic tertiary and community hospitals to gain insight into barriers, content, delivery and support mechanisms related to providing DE to hospitalized patients. Findings informed the development of the NEAT model, which included a delivery protocol and toolkit with brief educational videos on key diabetes topics uploaded onto iPads, patient assessments and "teach back" tools, a discharge survival skills summary sheet, and guidelines for electronic medical record documentation and scheduling outpatient DE visits. Trained staff nurses used NEAT to deliver DE to hospitalized patients with DM and then participated in follow-up focus groups to assess their experiences, with particular attention to the usefulness of NEAT in meeting the needs of nurses related to the delivery of diabetes survival skill education. Information generated was analyzed to identify emerging key themes. RESULTS: Exploratory focus groups revealed that staff nurses view teaching patients with DM as part of their job, but report barriers. Nurses agreed that inpatient DE should be designed to assure safety after discharge and advised that it be patient-centered, targeted, assessment-based and user friendly. Nurses who participated in the delivery of NEAT found that the process and tools met the majority of the basic DE needs of their patients while relieving their workload. In particular, they reported that video and iPad technology provided a convenient and standardized method for facilitating teaching at the bedside, but requested that an interactive feedback mechanism be added to encourage patient self-knowledge assessment. CONCLUSIONS: This study presents challenges staff nurses face in providing DE to hospitalized patients and identifies opportunities and strategies for improving content and delivery to ensure safe transition of patients with DM from hospital to outpatient setting.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Krall, Jodi Stotts
Donihi, Amy Calabreseamydonihi@pitt.eduATC10000-0002-5105-9323
Hatam, Mary
Koshinsky, Janice
Siminerio, Lindalsi100@pitt.eduLSI100
Date: 10 January 2016
Date Type: Acceptance
Journal or Publication Title: Clin Diabetes Endocrinol
Volume: 2
Page Range: 1 - ?
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1186/s40842-016-0020-1
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Medicine
School of Pharmacy > Pharmaceutical Sciences
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Education, Hospital, Inpatient, Nurse
ISSN: 2055-8260
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2016 17:45
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2018 12:56


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