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CLUSTER ANALYSIS AND NETWORK COMMUNITY DETECTION WITH APPLICATION TO NEUROSCIENCE

Zhang, Yun (2017) CLUSTER ANALYSIS AND NETWORK COMMUNITY DETECTION WITH APPLICATION TO NEUROSCIENCE. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh.

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Abstract

Sustained efforts have been devoted to understanding schizophrenia and related disorders. This dissertation is inspired from two conceptually important problems in schizophrenia research and we overcome statistical challenges inherent in solving these problems.

Basic neurobiological studies have unveiled distinct subtypes of schizophrenia. Moreover, genetic evidence shows certain core features are shared between schizophrenia and other disorders. It is of scientific interest to examine similarities in the profiles of subtypes in different disorders, which may help to develop novel therapeutic approaches. To address this challenge, we develop a statistical framework to assess whether or not clusters identified from independent populations exhibit commonalities. As an initial step, we formulate our hypotheses by borrowing the concept of bioequivalence under a finite normal mixture framework. We then propose testing procedures for univariate data based on the idea of two one-sided test (TOST) that has been used in the analysis of pharmaceutical bioequivalence trials. In an attempt to boost power, we propose to use a methodology based on bootstrap confidence intervals.

Neurocognitive research studies functional brain networks aiming to improve the understanding of the cognitive deficits in subjects with schizophrenia. One important problem in the inference for brain connectivity networks concerns partitioning of functionally distinct brain regions. The brain segmentation problem can be viewed conceptually as a community detection problem in network analysis. The stochastic block model (SBM) and its variants are popular models used in community detection for network data. In this research, we propose a feature adjusted stochastic block model (FASBM) to capture the impact of node features on the network links as well as to detect the residual community structure beyond that explained by the node features. The proposed model can accommodate multiple node features and estimate the form of feature impacts from the data. Moreover, unlike many existing algorithms that are limited to binary-valued interactions, the proposed FASBM model and inference approaches are easily applied to relational data that generates from any exponential family distribution. We illustrate the methods on simulated networks and on three real world networks: a brain network, an US air-transportation network and a friendship network.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Zhang, Yunyuz52@pitt.eduYUZ52
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairSampson, Allan R.asampson@pitt.eduASAMPSON
Committee CoChairChen, Kehuikhchen@pitt.eduKHCHEN
Committee MemberJung, Sungkyusungkyu@pitt.eduSUNGKYU
Committee MemberVolk, Davidvolkdw@upmc.eduVOLKDW
Date: 13 February 2017
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 30 September 2016
Approval Date: 13 February 2017
Submission Date: 30 August 2016
Access Restriction: 2 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 2 years.
Number of Pages: 88
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Statistics
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bioequivalence Testing, GABA Neuron-Related Biomarker Study, Stochastic Block Model, Community Detection, Node Features, Air-transportation Network, Brain Functional Connectivity Study
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2017 21:59
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2017 21:59
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/29360

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