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A comparative analysis of swallowing accelerometry and sounds during saliva swallows

Dudik, JM and Jestrović, I and Luan, B and Coyle, JL and Sejdić, E (2015) A comparative analysis of swallowing accelerometry and sounds during saliva swallows. BioMedical Engineering Online, 14 (1).

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Abstract

© 2015 Dudik et al.; licensee BioMed Central. Background: Accelerometry (the measurement of vibrations) and auscultation (the measurement of sounds) are both non-invasive techniques that have been explored for their potential to detect abnormalities in swallowing. The differences between these techniques and the information they capture about swallowing have not previously been explored in a direct comparison. Methods: In this study, we investigated the differences between dual-axis swallowing accelerometry and swallowing sounds by recording data from adult participants and calculating a number of time and frequency domain features. During the experiment, 55 participants (ages 18-65) were asked to complete five saliva swallows in a neutral head position. The resulting data was processed using previously designed techniques including wavelet denoising, spline filtering, and fuzzy means segmentation. The pre-processed signals were then used to calculate 9 time, frequency, and time-frequency domain features for each independent signal. Wilcoxon signed-rank and Wilcoxon rank-sum tests were utilized to compare feature values across transducers and patient demographics, respectively. Results: In addition to finding a number of features that varied between male and female participants, our statistical analysis determined that the majority of our chosen features were statistically significantly different across the two sensor methods and that the dependence on within-subject factors varied with the transducer type. However, a regression analysis showed that age accounted for an insignificant amount of variation in our signals. Conclusions: We conclude that swallowing accelerometry and swallowing sounds provide different information about deglutition despite utilizing similar transduction methods. This contradicts past assumptions in the field and necessitates the development of separate analysis and processing techniques for swallowing sounds and vibrations.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Dudik, JMjmd151@pitt.eduJMD151
Jestrović, I
Luan, Bbol12@pitt.eduBOL12
Coyle, JLjcoyle@pitt.eduJCOYLE
Sejdić, Eesejdic@pitt.eduESEJDIC0000-0003-4987-8298
Date: 12 January 2015
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: BioMedical Engineering Online
Volume: 14
Number: 1
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1186/1475-925x-14-3
Schools and Programs: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences > Communication Science and Disorders
Swanson School of Engineering > Electrical and Computer Engineering
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2016 15:24
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 14:56
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/29427

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