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Determination of vancomycin and gentamicin clearance in an in vitro, closed loop dialysis system

Jang, SM and Cardone, KE and Nolin, TD and Mason, DL and Grabe, DW (2014) Determination of vancomycin and gentamicin clearance in an in vitro, closed loop dialysis system. BMC Nephrology, 15 (1).

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Abstract

© 2014 Jang et al. Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of utilizing an in-vitro, closed loop hemodialysis system as a method to assess drug clearance. Secondarily, this study tested the influence of variables (blood flow rate, dialysate flow rate, and type of filter) in the hemodialysis procedure on the clearance of vancomycin and gentamicin. Methods: An in-vitro, closed loop hemodialysis system was constructed. The vancomycin (30 mg/L) and gentamicin (25 mg/L) were added to a simulated blood system (SBS). Four conditions (C1-C4) were tested by defining the filter (Polyflux 170H or F180) and the blood and dialysate flow rates (BFR and DFR). All hemodialysis sessions were 3 hours in length and each condition was completed in duplicate. Dialysate effluent was collected in a 50 gallon polyethylene drum. Samples were collected (in duplicate) from the SBS and the dialysate effluent at baseline and at the end of the hemodialysis session. Samples were analyzed for vancomycin and gentamicin with an ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry method. Results: A total of eight 3-hour hemodialysis sessions were conducted. For all tested conditions (C1-C4), vancomycin was undetectable in the SBS at the end of dialysis. However, total vancomycin recovery in the dialysis effluent was 85±18%, suggesting that up to 15% may have adsorbed to the dialysis filter or tubing. Gentamicin clearance from SBS was >98% in all tested conditions. Average gentamicin recovery in the dialysate effluent was 99±15%. Conclusion: Both vancomycin and gentamicin were readily removed by high-flux hemodialysis under all conditions studied. No significant differences in drug clearance were observed between conditions used in this in vitro study. The clinical implications of changing these hemodialysis parameters are unknown.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Jang, SM
Cardone, KE
Nolin, TDnolin@pitt.eduNOLIN
Mason, DL
Grabe, DW
Date: 1 January 2014
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: BMC Nephrology
Volume: 15
Number: 1
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1186/1471-2369-15-204
Schools and Programs: School of Pharmacy > Pharmaceutical Sciences
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2016 15:20
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 14:56
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/29435

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