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Position paper: management of perforated sigmoid diverticulitis.

Moore, Frederick A and Catena, Fausto and Moore, Ernest E and Leppaniemi, Ari and Peitzmann, Andrew B (2013) Position paper: management of perforated sigmoid diverticulitis. World J Emerg Surg, 8 (1). 55 - ?. ISSN 1749-7922

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Over the last three decades, emergency surgery for perforated sigmoid diverticulitis has evolved dramatically but remains controversial. Diverticulitis is categorized as uncomplicated (amenable to outpatient treatment) versus complicated (requiring hospitalization). Patients with complicated diverticulitis undergo computerized tomography (CT) scanning and the CT findings are used categorize the severity of disease. Treatment of stage I (phlegmon with or without small abscess) and stage II (phlegmon with large abscess) diverticulitis (which includes bowel rest, intravenous antibiotics and percutaneous drainage (PCD) of the larger abscesses) has not changed much over last two decades. On the other hand, treatment of stage III (purulent peritonitis) and stage IV (feculent peritonitis) diverticulitis has evolved dramatically and remains morbid. In the 1980s a two stage procedure (1st - segmental sigmoid resection with end colostomy and 2nd - colostomy closure after three to six months) was standard of care for most general surgeons. However, it was recognized that half of these patients never had their colostomy reversed and that colostomy closure was a morbid procedure. As a result starting in the 1990s colorectal surgical specialists increasing performed a one stage primary resection anastomosis (PRA) and demonstrated similar outcomes to the two stage procedure. In the mid 2000s, the colorectal surgeons promoted this as standard of care. But unfortunately despite advances in perioperative care and their excellent surgical skills, PRA for stage III/IV diverticulitis continued to have a high mortality (10-15%). The survivors require prolonged hospital stays and often do not fully recover. Recent case series indicate that a substantial portion of the patients who previously were subjected to emergency sigmoid colectomy can be successfully treated with less invasive nonoperative management with salvage PCD and/or laparoscopic lavage and drainage. These patients experience a surprisingly lower mortality and more rapid recovery. They are also spared the need for a colostomy and do not appear to benefit from a delayed elective sigmoid colectomy. While we await the final results ongoing prospective randomized clinical trials testing these less invasive alternatives, we have proposed (based primarily on case series and our expert opinions) what we believe safe and rationale management strategy.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Moore, Frederick A
Catena, Fausto
Moore, Ernest E
Leppaniemi, Ari
Peitzmann, Andrew B
Date: 26 November 2013
Date Type: Acceptance
Journal or Publication Title: World J Emerg Surg
Volume: 8
Number: 1
Page Range: 55 - ?
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1186/1749-7922-8-55
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Surgery
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1749-7922
Date Deposited: 02 Dec 2016 20:18
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2017 19:56


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