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Genetic mapping of high caries experience on human chromosome 13

Küchler, EC and Deeley, K and Ho, B and Linkowski, S and Meyer, C and Noel, J and Kouzbari, MZ and Bezamat, M and Granjeiro, JM and Antunes, LS and Antunes, LA and de Abreu, FV and Costa, MC and Tannure, PN and Seymen, F and Koruyucu, M and Patir, A and Mereb, JC and Poletta, FA and Castilla, EE and Orioli, IM and Marazita, ML and Vieira, AR (2013) Genetic mapping of high caries experience on human chromosome 13. BMC Medical Genetics, 14 (1).

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Abstract

Background: Our previous genome-wide linkage scan mapped five loci for caries experience. The purpose of this study was to fine map one of these loci, the locus 13q31.1, in order to identify genetic contributors to caries.Methods: Seventy-two pedigrees from the Philippines were studied. Caries experience was recorded and DNA was extracted from blood samples obtained from all subjects. Sixty-one single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 13q31.1 were genotyped. Association between caries experience and alleles was tested. We also studied 1,481 DNA samples obtained from saliva of subjects from the USA, 918 children from Brazil, and 275 children from Turkey, in order to follow up the results found in the Filipino families. We used the AliBaba2.1 software to determine if the nucleotide changes of the associated SNPs changed the prediction of the presence of transcription-binding site sequences and we also analyzed the gene expression of the genes selected based on binding predictions. Mutation analysis was also performed in 33 Filipino individuals of a segment of 13q31.1 that is highly conserved in mammals.Results: Statistically significant association with high caries experience was found for 11 markers in 13q31.1 in the Filipino families. Haplotype analysis also confirmed these results. In the populations used for follow-up purposes, associations were found between high caries experience and a subset of these markers. Regarding the prediction of the transcription-binding site, the base change of the SNP rs17074565 was found to change the predicted-binding of genes that could be involved in the pathogenesis of caries. When the sequence has the allele C of rs17074565, the potential transcription factors binding the sequence are GR and GATA1. When the subject carries the G allele of rs17074565, the potential transcription factor predicted to bind to the sequence is GATA3. The expression of GR in whole saliva was higher in individuals with low caries experience when compared to individuals with high caries experience (p = 0.046). No mutations were found in the highly conserved sequence.Conclusions: Genetic factors contributing to caries experience may exist in 13q31.1. The rs17074565 is located in an intergenic region and is predicted to disrupt the binding sites of two different transcription factors that might be involved with caries experience. GR expression in saliva may be a biomarker for caries risk and should be further explored. © 2013 Küchler et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Küchler, EC
Deeley, Kkbd1@pitt.eduKBD1
Ho, B
Linkowski, SSRL41@pitt.eduSRL41
Meyer, C
Noel, Jjbn9@pitt.eduJBN9
Kouzbari, MZ
Bezamat, M
Granjeiro, JM
Antunes, LS
Antunes, LA
de Abreu, FV
Costa, MC
Tannure, PN
Seymen, F
Koruyucu, M
Patir, A
Mereb, JC
Poletta, FA
Castilla, EE
Orioli, IM
Marazita, MLmarazita@pitt.eduMARAZITA
Vieira, ARalexandre_vieira@pitt.eduARV11
Date: 5 November 2013
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: BMC Medical Genetics
Volume: 14
Number: 1
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1186/1471-2350-14-116
Schools and Programs: School of Dental Medicine > Dental Science
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 02 Dec 2016 16:11
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 16:56
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/29659

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